At Yashoda Cancer Institute, experienced lymphoma specialists expertly diagnose and treat people with every variety of lymphatic system cancer. Our Centre's extensive Lymphoma Program allows us to provide a multidisciplinary approach, which offers the most advanced technologies, evidence-based treatments, and comprehensive lymphoma care.
Highlights of our program include:
- Cutting-edge medical therapies and targeted treatments offered by Yashoda Cancer Institute for curing Lymphoma cancer.
- A multidisciplinary team of Lymphoma experts in Haemato Oncology, Medical Oncology, Radiation Oncology, Haemato Pathology, and Radiology offers integrated care for patients.
- Specialized doctors for providing treatments tailored to each patient's needs and variation of the disease.
- Availability dedicated team of lymphoma specialists to handle the most complicated cases.
What Is Lymphoma Cancer?
Lymphoma is a type of cancer that develops in the lymphatic system, part of the immune system that helps filter out bacteria and fight disease. Like other cancers, lymphoma involves abnormal growth of cells that multiply or fails to die on time. With its growth, lymphoma cancer begins to affect the body's normal functions as malignancy reaches to other tissues and organs.
Lymphoma is broken down into two main types:
- Hodgkin lymphoma: It affects lymph tissue in the lymphatic system but can spread to the lungs, bone marrow, and blood. It usually occurs in two peak age groups — one in the 20s and one in the 80s.
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: It has a variety of cancers affecting the immune system accounts for nearly 90 percent of all lymphomas.
What Are The Indications For Lymphoma Cancer?
Signs and symptoms of Lymphoma Cancer include:
- Painless swelling in one or more lymph nodes (often in the upper chest, armpit, neck, or groin)
- Unexplained or persistent fever
- Weight loss
- Drenching sweats, particularly at night
- Persistent cough or chest pain
- Loss of appetite
- Itchy skin
- Tenderness or abdominal bloating due to an enlarged spleen
- Shortness of breath with regular activity
- Rashes or lumps on the skin
- Lymph node pain after drinking alcohol
What Are The Different Stages Of Lymphoma Cancer?
- Stage I: One group of lymph nodes gets affected, either above or below the diaphragm.
- Stage II: Two or more groups of lymph nodes are affected, either above or below the diaphragm.
- Stage III: Lymph nodes available on both sides of the diaphragm are affected.
- Stage IV: Lymphoma is present in organs outside the lymphatic system or in the bone marrow.
How is Lymphoma Cancer Diagnosed?
To diagnose cancer and learn if cancer has spread to another part of the body, Doctors conduct many tests. Lymphoma Cancer is often diagnosed using the following tests:
- Blood analysis
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Bone scans
- Computed tomography (CT)
- Whole-body PET-CT Scan
- Tests of heart and lung function
- Staging Tests
What Are The Possible Treatments For Lymphoma Cancer?
Doctors use the following treatments to remove or destroy cancer within the lymphatic system and nearby tissues:
- Surgical process: A doctor aims to remove the tumour and some of the tissue in the surrounding areas where cancer may have spread.
- Radiation therapy: Involve the use of high-energy waves to kill cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy: Involve the use of powerful medicines to kill cancer cells.
- Targeted therapy: This therapy targets cancer's specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival.
- Immunotherapy: This therapy involves the use of medicines that prompt the body's immune system or natural defenses to destroy cancer.
- Biologic therapy: This therapy involves the insertion of living microorganisms into the body, which stimulates the immune system to attack the cancer cells.
- Antibody therapy: This therapy involves the insertion of synthetic antibodies into the bloodstream to combat cancer's antigens.
- Stem-cell transplantation: Damage bone marrow is restored using stem-cell transplantation, following high-dose chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
- Steroid injection: Steroids are injected in the affected area to treat lymphoma.
A patient might get hormone therapy, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy along with surgery or radiation. This approach will help kill the cancer cells, which are left behind, during other forms of treatment.
What Are The Precautions One Must Take To Avoid Lymphoma Cancer?
- Keep a balanced weight.
- Look for a family history of inheriting lymphoma.
- Get regular check-ups done for various infections causing Lymphoma Cancer.
- Avoid exposure to radiation in any form.
Are There Any Risk Factors Involved?
Some of the major factors that lead to Lymphoma Cancer include:
- Age: Lymphoma can develop in people of any age group. However, the majority of people diagnosed with the same are above 60 years of age. Many cases where children have developed lymphoma cancer are due to the pre-existence of immune system deficiency.
- Weak immune system: Weaken of the immune system makes the body more susceptible to lymphoma and other infections.
- Family history: Existence of certainly inherited lymphoma, increasing the likelihood of developing lymphoma. Although it is scarce, it does exist.
- Infections: Some illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis C, Epstein-Barr virus, and Helicobacter pylori, are all factors that can increase the risk of developing lymphoma.
- Radiation Exposure: People exposed to high levels of radiation or had previous radiation therapy, are at an increased risk of developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.