Stabilization in the knee comes from various ligaments, which are anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), and medial collateral ligament (MCL). An injury or sprain in these ligaments is identified as a tear. Athletes and women who wear high heels for too long are most likely to suffer from a ligament tear.
When a ligament injury occurs, it may cause a popping sensation in the knee, followed by swelling and extreme pain. It can also cause serious complications in knee function. Therefore, it’s vital to consult with an orthopaedic doctor immediately.
Our doctor will check the knee for swelling and tenderness. They will also ask the patient to move their knee into various positions to assess the severity of the tear. In most cases, a physical examination is sufficient for the total assessment. However, the orthopaedic surgeon may recommend additional tests such as X-rays, MRI and ultrasound to determine the severity of the damage.
Treatment for a ligament tear starts with RICE therapy to reduce pain and swelling in the knee. To reverse the internal damage, our doctor recommended an ACL Reconstruction surgery. During the procedure, the surgeon will repair or remove the injured ligament with a segment of tendon tissues.
The surgeon will use tendons from another part of the knee or a donor. These tendons work similarly to a ligament that connects the muscle to the bone. The surgeries have good outcomes, allowing less pain and better knee strength and stability. Post-surgery, our doctor will also provide rehabilitative therapy to restore knee functions and speed up recovery.