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Fissures

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	Fissures

Fissures

Overview

A fissure is a crack or tear that appears in the anal area and causes severe pain and bleeding during bowel movements. It occurs when there’s a trauma inside the inner lining of the anus mostly caused by hard stool and chronic diarrhoea. 

An untreated fissure may become chronic, making it harder to treat. A longer delay in diagnosis also allows other conditions to fester, such as infections or even cancer. Therefore, timely diagnosis is crucial.

Complications:

  • Recurrence
  • Chronic anal fissure
  • Anal stenosis
  • Colon cancer

Causes:

  • Constipation
  • Dry stools
  • Chronic Diarrhoea
  • Syphilis
  • Crohn’s disease

Symptoms:

  • Bleeding
  • Pain
  • Itching
  • Cracked skin
  • Small lump or skin tag

Diagnosis
Our doctor will ask the patient about their medical history and symptoms. For a complete diagnosis, a rectal examination is performed to identify the fissure. Here, the doctor will use an anoscope to look for tears inside the anus. 

Symptoms

Treatment

Fissures

When nonsurgical methods fail to provide any relief, doctors prefer surgery to treat anal fissures. It’s a minimally invasive procedure and is less painful than the fissure itself. The doctor will cut the sphincter muscles to release the tension for letting the fissure heal. It causes no side-effects or pain and has a fast recovery time.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's) More information

all-surgeries

How should I prepare for the surgery?

To prepare for surgery, take good care of your health and try to learn as much as you can about the procedure. Planning ahead can help ensure you have a successful procedure and heal faster with a smooth recovery. 

Do I need to take any medicine before my surgery?

Depending upon the procedure and the patient's health, our surgeons may recommend some patients to medications. However, these medications are prescribed after a thorough evaluation of their medical history and overall health. Therefore, you need to inform the doctor about your allergies and previous medical conditions in advance

How long will it take to recover?

Recovery time after the surgery may vary from one patient to another. Usually, it depends on several factors, such as the patient's age, the type of surgery and the adversity of the problem that is being addressed during the surgery. Therefore, it is important to talk to your doctor about the same prior to your surgery.

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