A cataract is a dense and cloudy formation that occurs on the clear lens of the eye. It is caused by the protein formation in the eye, which prevents the lens from sending any clear image to the retina. So for people with cataract, it’s like seeing through cloudy or fogged-up glasses.
A cataract develops gradually and starts interfering with the vision. Generally, it occurs in older people and can affect one or both eyes. While initial symptoms include difficulty in reading, driving or forming images, it may also lead to blindness. Therefore, one must consult with the doctor right when the symptoms start appearing.
Our doctor will review the patient’s medical history and symptoms. The ophthalmologist will perform various tests to evaluate the patient’s eyes and vision clarity. They might also perform a tonometry test to check the pressure in the patient’s eyes.
To assess the extent of the damage, they will check pupils and the optic nerve in the eyes. The ophthalmologist might also recommend a few additional tests to determine the best possible treatment.
In the majority of cases, the most effective cataract treatment is surgery. In Micro Incision Cataract Surgery (MICS), the surgeon removes the cataract through a small incision less than 1.8mm.
During Phacoemulsification or Phaco, the ophthalmologist inserts a probe through a tiny incision in the cornea. The device emits ultrasound waves to soften and break the cataract and remove it through suction.
In laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS), the risks are even lesser compared to other surgeries. It ensures a greater level of precision and repeatability for several tissue planes.
All these treatments require a minimally invasive procedure that ensures better postoperative outcomes and faster recovery.
Other benefits of cataract surgery include: