Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, are solid masses that result from the excessive deposits of minerals and salts in the kidneys. Though these do not usually cause any serious damage, they can be quite painful and can even lead to severe complications if left untreated for long. The treatment may vary depending upon the type of kidney stone. Some of the most common types include Calcium stones, struvite stone, Cystine stone and uric acid stone.
Your doctor will first assess your medical history and conduct a detailed physical exam. This is followed by a series of tests that include:
Some other tests may also be recommended to rule out other health issues. These include:
While smaller stones do not require surgical removal and can be easily treated by resorting to healthy lifestyle changes, larger stones may call for the need for surgery. There are a variety of treatment options available for the same. These include:
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, which uses soundwaves to generate vibrations for breaking down the stones into smaller pieces.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy, which involves the use of telescope guided imaging technique for removing the stone via a small incision in your back