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Kidney Stones

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	Kidney Stones

Kidney Stones

Overview

What are kidney stones?

Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, are solid masses that result from the excessive deposits of minerals and salts in the kidneys. Though these do not usually cause any serious damage, they can be quite painful and can even lead to severe complications if left untreated for long. The treatment may vary depending upon the type of kidney stone. Some of the most common types include Calcium stones, struvite stone, Cystine stone and uric acid stone.

kidney Stones Complications:

  • Sepsis
  • Obstruction in the ureters caused by stone fragments
  • Damage to the ureter
  • Urinary tract infection

kidney Stones Causes:

  • Excessive build-up of calcium, ammonia, uric acid and cystine in the body
  • Eating a diet rich in protein and deficit in fibre
  • Dehydration 
  • Underlying medical conditions like renal cancer

Skidney Stones Symptoms:

  • Intense pain that may last for a couple of minutes to a few hours
  • Restlessness
  • Feeling nauseated
  • Traces of blood in the urine
  • Pungent smelling urine
  • Cloudy urine
  • Feeling a burning sensation while urinating
  • Fever
  • Frequent urge to urinate

kidney Stones Diagnosis:

Your doctor will first assess your medical history and conduct a detailed physical exam. This is followed by a series of tests that include:

  • Blood tests
  • BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and creatinine
  • Urinalysis 
  • Analysis of stones that have been passed out

Some other tests may also be recommended to rule out other health issues. These include:

  • Abdominal x-rays
  • Intravenous/retrograde pyelogram
  • Renal ultrasound and MRI
  • Abdominal MRI and CT scan

Symptoms

Treatment

Kidney Stones

While smaller stones do not require surgical removal and can be easily treated by resorting to healthy lifestyle changes, larger stones may call for the need for surgery. There are a variety of treatment options available for the same. These include:
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, which uses soundwaves to generate vibrations for breaking down the stones into smaller pieces.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy, which involves the use of telescope guided imaging technique for removing the stone via a small incision in your back 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's) More information

all-surgeries

How should I prepare for the surgery?

To prepare for surgery, take good care of your health and try to learn as much as you can about the procedure. Planning ahead can help ensure you have a successful procedure and heal faster with a smooth recovery. 

Do I need to take any medicine before my surgery?

Depending upon the procedure and the patient's health, our surgeons may recommend some patients to medications. However, these medications are prescribed after a thorough evaluation of their medical history and overall health. Therefore, you need to inform the doctor about your allergies and previous medical conditions in advance

How long will it take to recover?

Recovery time after the surgery may vary from one patient to another. Usually, it depends on several factors, such as the patient's age, the type of surgery and the adversity of the problem that is being addressed during the surgery. Therefore, it is important to talk to your doctor about the same prior to your surgery.

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