Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. In this condition, the ovaries tend to make more male hormones, which lead to hormonal imbalance, irregular menstrual periods, facial hair growth and alopecia. It can cause other conditions like type 2 diabetes, obesity and even infertility without timely intervention.
Polycystic Ovarian Disorder (PCOD) is a medical condition that is caused by hormonal imbalance. In this condition, the ovaries become enlarged and produce more male hormones. It leads to ovaries releasing partially mature or immature eggs, which eventually turn into cysts. Common symptoms of PCOD are similar to PCOS, such as weight gain, irregular periods, hair loss and infertility. Therefore, the patient must consult with a gynaecologist to identify the most-effective treatment.
There is no test to diagnose PCOS and PCOD. Therefore, the gynaecologist will ask for symptoms and medical history for the diagnosis. They will also keep other factors into consideration, such as weight gain and irregular menstrual cycles. For further diagnosis, the doctor will perform various tests to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms.
Pelvic exam: To identify any abnormality in the reproductive organs.
Blood tests: To check hormone levels, glucose tolerance and cholesterol.
Ultrasound: To check the size of ovaries and the linings of the uterus.
PCOS treatment may vary among patients and promptly focuses on managing the symptoms, such as infertility, acne or obesity. To regulate the symptoms of PCOS/PCOD, the doctor might recommend:
Lifestyle changes: The doctor may recommend weight loss through a limited diet and regular exercise. In addition to that, the patient should opt for a low-calorie diet and more fluid to manage the weight. While it helps you lose weight, but also control the complications of PCOS.
Medications: The doctor may prescribe medications to reduce the severity of PCOS symptoms. In some cases, birth control pills are prescribed to decrease male hormones and regulate oestrogen. It also reduces the risk of endometrial cancer while preventing abnormal bleeding, excess hair growth and acne. If PCOS is causing trouble in conceiving, the doctor prescribes fertility drugs. They may recommend Clomiphene or Letrozole to help in ovulating and conceiving.
To prepare for surgery, take good care of your health and try to learn as much as you can about the procedure. Planning ahead can help ensure you have a successful procedure and heal faster with a smooth recovery.
Depending upon the procedure and the patient's health, our surgeons may recommend some patients to medications. However, these medications are prescribed after a thorough evaluation of their medical history and overall health. Therefore, you need to inform the doctor about your allergies and previous medical conditions in advance
Recovery time after the surgery may vary from one patient to another. Usually, it depends on several factors, such as the patient's age, the type of surgery and the adversity of the problem that is being addressed during the surgery. Therefore, it is important to talk to your doctor about the same prior to your surgery.