Yashoda Cancer Institute is one of the most well-known lung cancer centres in Delhi and continues the tradition of cutting-edge patient care with its multidisciplinary approach to treating cancer. We at Yashoda Cancer Institute provide you with state-of-the-art care for lung cancer. Our staffs consist of a team combining the collective wisdom of surgical oncologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists and pathologists.
Our Thorax and Lung Cancer team has tremendous experience in treating both early stages as well as complex cases of lung cancer. Our pioneering techniques have become the template for optimal treatment for lung cancer in Delhi.
Our surgical oncologist use state-of-the-art diagnostics like VATS/mediastinoscopy in handling complex chest wall, mediastinal and superior sulcus tumours to quickly assess your cancer, incorporating radical CT+RT and complex reconstructive approaches.
What Is Thoracic Cancer?
Lung cancer is cancer that starts from the lungs and spreads to the other organs in the chest.
There are two main types of thoracic cancer:
- Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): one of the most common lung cancers with up to 80% of cases.
- Small cell lung cancer: This is also referred to as oat cell cancer. It makes up to 10-15% of all lung cancer cases.
What Are The Indications For Thoracic Cancer?
Signs and symptoms of thoracic cancer include:
- Lingering or worsening cough
- Coughing up phlegm or blood
- Bad chest pain that develops when you breathe deeply, laugh, or cough
- Hoarseness of voice
- Shortness of breath
- Weakness and fatigue
- Loss of appetite and weight loss
- Muscle weakness
- Fluid retention
- High blood pressure
- High blood sugar
How is Thoracic Cancer Diagnosed?
To diagnose cancer and learn if cancer has spread to another part of the body, Doctors conduct many tests. Thoracic Cancer is regularly diagnosed using the following tests:
- Bronchoscopy with or without biopsy
- Needle Biopsies
- Sputum Cytology
- CT (Computed Tomography) scan
- PET-CT scan
What Are The Possible Treatments For Lung Cancer?
The doctor will determine some treatments to remove or destroy cancer within the lungs, and nearby tissues include:
- Surgical process: The doctor may have to perform surgery to remove cancerous lung tissue in the lungs and the surrounding areas where cancer may have spread.
- VATS (Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery) include:
- Sleeve Lung Resections
- Open Surgery: This type of surgical procedure is recommended for the patient who is not fit for minimally invasive surgery.
- Radiation therapy: Involve the use of high-energy waves to kill cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy: Involve the use of Chemotherapy drugs to treat cancer and prevent a recurrence.
- Targeted therapy: This therapy targets cancer's specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival.
- Immunotherapy: This therapy involves the use of medicines that prompt the body's immune system or natural defences to destroy cancer.
A patient might get a combination of hormone therapy, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy along with surgery or radiation. This multidisciplinary approach will help in treating the cancer cells that are left behind during other forms of treatment.
What Are The Precautions One Must Take To Avoid Thorax and Lung Cancer?
- Stop smoking as soon as possible.
- Exercise regularly.
- Avoid the use of tobacco.
Are There Any Risk Factors Involved?
Some of the major factors that lead to thorax and lung cancer include:
- Passive Smoking: Continuous smoking increases the chances of lung cancer by 80 per cent.
- Exposure to Radioactive gas.
- Occupational exposure and pollution: Breathing in hazardous substances such as cadmium, nickel, arsenic, chromium, some petroleum products, uranium, etc.
- Inherited genetic mutations: If the family has a medical history of lung cancer.
- Exposure to air pollution: Living in a place of excessive air pollution.
- HIV infection: Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
- Radiation therapy treatment: Has a previous exposure of radiation therapy to the breast or chest.