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Interventional Cardiology

Yashoda Hospital provides you a broad range of Interventional procedures in Cardiology. Our team consists of renowned and professional experts who incorporate a multidisciplinary approach to treating various types of cardiovascular problems.

The Invasive Cardiology Department of Yashoda Heart Centre is at the forefront of providing state-of-the-art facilities and advanced technologies.

We provide to our patients, high-end treatment results for complex Coronary Angioplasties including FFR guided PCI, Endovascular procedures like Aortoiliac Angioplasty, Rotablation for Intermediate Lesions, Carotid Stenting, Aortic Aneurysm, Dissection Management, and Birth Defects.

These challenging and complex Angioplasties procedures are assisted by imaging guidance such as OCT and 3D TEE, IVUS, CT imaging during structural heart procedures.

Our state-of-the-art Labs are well-equipped with the advanced equipment and are supported by committed staff members who are available 24/7 for providing comprehensive cardiac care.

What Is Interventional Cardiology?

Interventional cardiology is a non-surgical method in which the surgeon uses a catheter to repair tightened arteries, damaged or weakened vessels, or any other affected parts of the heart structure. At Yashoda, we do not confine ourselves with a limit of available surgical interventions; rather, we provide cutting-edge diagnostic tests and nonsurgical interventional treatments for patients with cases of cardiovascular problems.

What Are The Medical Conditions We Treat Under Interventional Cardiology?

At interventional cardiology, our team of experts offers numerous treatment options for heart and vascular conditions:

  • Coronary artery disease (CAD)
    • Heart attack
    • Cardiogenic shock
    • Obstructed coronary artery disease
    • Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  • Valvular heart disease
    • Aortic stenosis
    • Mitral valve stenosis and regurgitation
    • Prosthetic valve failure
  • Structural and non-valvular heart disease
    • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
    • Resistant hypertension
    • Atrial septal defect
    • Patent foramen ovale

What Are The Diagnoses Services We Provide Under Interventional Cardiology Unit?

We offer a comprehensive diagnostic assessment for all types of cardiovascular problems before going for an option of an interventional approach for cardiology. Our faculties for Interventional Cardiology possess high-tech equipment and imaging techniques such as:

  • Intravascular Ultrasound (IVUS)
  • Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)
  • 3D Transoesophageal Echocardiography (TEE)
  • Computed Tomography (CT) Imaging

The IVUS and OCT are essential for analyzing the underlying cause of the heart problem when complex angioplasties have to be performed. We assess the patient eligibility to undergo a structural heart procedure through a 3D TEE procedure.

What Are The Treatment Procedure We Provide Under Interventional Cardiology Unit?

Our surgeons conduct a variety of minimally invasive procedures to diagnose and treat cardiovascular disease, such as:

  • Rotablation

Rotablation is a type of an angioplasty procedure which is used to help relieve symptoms of angina. A special catheter, with an acorn-shaped, diamond-coated tip, is guided by the doctor to the point of the narrowing in your coronary artery. The tip spins at high speed and removes away the plaque on your artery walls. The microscopic particles will get washed away in your bloodstream.

  • FFR guided PCI for Intermediate Lesions

Fractional Flow Reserve, or FFR, is a guide wire-based procedure that can precisely measure your blood pressure and flow through a specific part of the coronary artery. FFR is performed through a standard diagnostic catheter at the time of a coronary angiogram (a.k.a. cardiac catheterization). The measurement of Fractional Flow Reserve has been effective in assessing whether or not to perform angioplasty or stenting on "intermediate" blockages.

Endovascular procedures

  • Angioplasty

Angioplasty is a procedure where doctors restore blood flow through your arteries. Certain medical conditions can lead to the blood flow to slow down, forcing it difficult for your body to get the necessary oxygen and nutrients. Angioplasty frees up the blocked artery so blood can flow smoothly.

Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is conducted to clear blocked coronary arteries developed by coronary artery disease (CAD). It also helps in restoring arterial blood flow to the heart tissue without performing open-heart surgery.

Types of Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)

  • Balloon angioplasty
  • Carotid artery angioplasty
  • Cerebral angioplasty
  • Coronary artery stent
  • Laser angioplasty
  • PTA of the Femoral Artery

Aortic Aneurysm

An aortic aneurysm is an irregular enlargement or bulging of the wall of the aorta. An aneurysm can take place anywhere in the vascular tree. An aortic aneurysm is an unusual bulge that appears in the wall of the major blood vessel (aorta) that transports blood from your heart to your body. Our Cardiovascular Medicine and Cardiovascular Surgery department treat this medical condition.

  • Dissection Management

In the surgical procedure, the area of the aorta with the intimal rupture is generally resected and restored with a Dacron graft. Depending on the degree of aorta involved, a durable repair may require open surgery where the aorta is reconstructed with a fabric tube called a graft that is directly sewn in place of the afflicted aorta.

Alternatively, the surgeon may use a stent-graft, which is a fabric tube backed by metal wire stents (like a scaffold) to rebuild the aorta. The stent-grafts are directed "endovascularly" which means they are fixed over a wire through a minor incision in the groin and then brought upstream into the aorta and deployed by freeing the stents like a spring.

  • Carotid Stenting

Carotid angioplasty and stenting is a minimally invasive surgical operation to cure carotid artery disease, which arises when plaque develops in the two larger arteries on each part of your neck (the carotid arteries). The carotid arteries help in supplying oxygen-rich blood to your brain. Carotid angioplasty is normally considered for the patient who is at considerable risk for carotid endarterectomy. Our vascular surgeon will review with you the option, which is best for you.

  • Birth Defects

Congenital heart defects are complications with the heart's structure that are present at birth. These defects can include:

  • The interior walls of the heart
  • The valves inside the middle
  • The arteries and veins that transfer blood to the heart or out to the body
  • Congenital heart defects shift the normal flow of blood through the heart.

There are many forms of congenital heart defects. Some are direct, such as a hole in the septum that enables blood from the left and right sides of the heart to mix, or a tightened valve that impedes blood flow to the lungs or other parts of the body. Other defects are further complex. These include issues with where the blood vessels heading to and from the heart are located, combinations of simple defects, and more severe problems with how the heart produces.

Are There Any Complications Involved?

Some of the significant risk factors associated with the Interventional Cardiology procedures are:

  • An artery breaking or closing again
  • Bleeding or blow to the blood vessel
  • Restenosis (Scar tissue can increase within a stent)
  • Stent thrombosis (blood clots can build inside the stent)
  • Infection at the location of the incision
  • Arrhythmia (irregular pulse)
  • Damage to separate parts of the heart


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