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Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery (MICS)

Yashoda Hospital Centre for Heart Disease is one of the leading and most advanced centres in India, known for using the most excellent techniques and latest innovations. The Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery or MICS unit is endowed with world-class machinery and Robot-assisted heart surgery machines.

The team of cardiovascular surgeons and experts is highly qualified and experienced in conducting Minimally Invasive Cardiac surgery with finesse. MICS is done to treat many cardiac issues and has proven very successful in treating even the most complex heart problems as it lessens the risk of any post-surgery complications.

At Yashoda Centre for Heart Disease, we not only offer the best treatment, but our rehabilitation centre also takes care of you after your surgery and guides you in leading a healthy life ahead.

What Is Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery (MICS)?

Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery MICS is one of the safest and most progressive processes of performing heart surgery by making tiny incisions on the right side of your chest. This process act as contrary to traditional open-heart surgery where the surgeons had to make large incisions to perform the surgery. It is one of the safest and less painful procedures to treat a variety of heart conditions.

What Are The Indicators For Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery?

Following are the signs and symptoms which indicate various heart conditions like:

  • Shortness of Breath
  • Persistent Chest Pain
  • Fatigue
  • Fainting
  • Dizziness
  • Pain in Left Arm or Shoulder
  • Heart Attack
  • Face Seems Gray
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Restlessness
  • Perspiration and Clammy Skin

Why Do You Need Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery (MICS)?

A doctor might evaluate the patient for the following symptoms before recommending treatment procedure for heart diseases; this includes:

  • Pains or pressure in the chest (that indicates angina)
  • Pain or discomfort in other body parts such as the jaw, the left shoulder, the arms, elbows, or back
  • Shortness of breath (dyspnoea)
  • Cold sweat
  • Nausea and fatigue
  • Light-headed or faint

The symptoms may vary from person to person; some people might experience more than one symptom together and are evaluated based on different medical conditions.

What Are The Medical Conditions We Treat Under Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery?

Some of the extreme conditions we treat under our unit of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery include:

  • Adult congenital heart disease
  • Aneurysm and aortic disease
  • Aortic valve disease
  • Atrial fibrillation and other arrhythmias
  • Carotid artery disease
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Angina
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Genetic heart disease
  • Mitral valve disease
  • Pericarditis
  • Paediatric congenital heart conditions
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Valvular heart disease
  • Critical limb ischemia
  • Lymphoedema
  • Hypertensive heart disease
  • Rheumatic heart disease
  • Thromboembolic disease
  • Venous thrombosis

What Is The Treatment Procedures Of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery?

The significant strategy used by our surgeons for performing MICS include:

Robot-Assisted Heart Surgery

MICS is a robot-assisted surgery wherein a surgeon performs the surgery through robotic arms. The surgeon works on the remote, controlling the robotic arms and monitors each activity through a magnified high-definition 3-D view on a video monitor.

Thoracoscopic Surgery

MICS procedure is also done using a long, thin tube known as a thoracoscope wherein a surgeon inserts a tube with a camera into the chest between the ribs through a small incision to perform the surgery.

Various types of heart procedures can be conducted using minimally invasive heart surgery, such as:

  • Mitral Valve Repair and Replacement
  • Tricuspid Valve Repair and Replacement
  • Aortic Valve Replacement
  • Atrial Septal Defect
  • Patent Foramen Ovale Closure
  • Atrioventricular Septal Defect Surgery
  • Maze Procedure for Atrial Fibrillation
  • Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (CABS)
  • Saphenous Vein Harvest for CABS

What Are The Benefits Of MICS?

A significant cut takes time to heal in comparison to a small cut, and this is a major factor that can make you choose minimally invasive surgery over the traditional one. The other benefits are:

  • No cutting of bones or opening of the chest
  • Faster recovery
  • Less pain
  • Lower risk of complications
  • Decreased blood loss and need for blood transfusion
  • Minimal scarring
  • Shorter hospital stay

What Are The Precautions One Must Take To Avoid Heart-Related Diseases?

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • Exercise daily
  • Keep your sugar in check
  • Don’t take stress or live/work in a stressful environment
  • Keep your blood pressure in check
  • Keep a tab on your cholesterol
  • Maintain your BMI

Are There Any Complications Involved?

Yashoda Hospital has a high success rate in performing Minimally Invasive Cardiac surgeries, but sometimes risks cannot be averted and depend on the condition of a patient. Possible complications after the surgery include:

  • Bleeding
  • Fever
  • New or worsened pain around the wound on the chest
  • Reddening around your chest wound
  • Heart rhythm irregularities (arrhythmias)
  • Infections of the chest wound
  • Memory loss
  • Kidney problems
  • Stroke or Heart attack (due to a blood clot)

A patient must seek the immediate help of the doctor if the complications do not improve.



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