The Gastroenterology malignancies Centre for Digestive & Liver Diseases is a super-speciality department that involves the management of patients who are suffering from disorders of the digestive system and liver. Our team deals with various GI malignancies that focus on treating patients using the latest and advanced technologies. We conduct a proper and accurate diagnosis of the GI cancers, and with the help of advanced and latest technology, we offer the patient a personalised path to the most effective treatment. Our hospital offers a broad range of surgeries including-Oesophagectomies, Radical Pancreatic Surgeries, Gastric and Liver Resections, Colectomies, etc.
What Is Gastrointestinal Malignancies/Cancer?
Gastrointestinal (GI) Cancer is an umbrella term that compromises a group of cancers that affect the digestive system or the gastrointestinal tract. The GI cancer involves cancers of the:
- Biliary tract
- Small intestine
What Are The Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Cancer?
The symptoms and signs of Gastrointestinal Cancer vary, depending upon the type of cancer. It may include:
- Abdominal pain, discomfort or tenderness.
- Sudden variation in bowel habits, such as frequency, consistency, or shape
- Rectal bleeding
- Feeling bloated after meals
- Loss of appetite
- Swelling in your stomach
- Constipation or diarrhoea
- Weakness or feeling tired
- Yellowish eyes or skin
- Unintentional weight loss
What Are The Several Diagnosis Tests Required For Gastrointestinal Cancer?
Doctors perform many tests to diagnose cancer and evaluate if cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Gastrointestinal Cancer is often diagnosed by doctors using the following tests:
- Endoscopic examinations
- Upper GI Endoscopy
- Barium Studies
- Imaging Studies
- CT Scan
- MRI Scan
- PET Scan
- Contrast Studies
- Diagnostic Laparoscopy
What Are The Various Procedure To Treat Gastrointestinal Cancer?
Our team used multiple options to extract or remove or cure the GI cancer within the digestive tract and nearby tissues. Some of the procedures include therapies, surgical processes or a combination of both.
There are four primary types of surgical processes:
- Endoluminal Laser Process: This method involves the extraction of an early-stage tumour found in the digestive tract.
- Open Surgery: Using conventional techniques, the GI cancer indications are treated.
- Laparoscopic Surgery: We use minimally invasive surgery for less operative morbidity
- Radiation Therapy: This therapy involves the use of high-energy waves to kill cancer cells and prevent local recurrence
- Chemotherapy: In this method, chemotherapy drugs are used to treat cancer cells and prevent local recurrence
- Targeted Therapy: In this therapy, we target cancer-specific proteins, genes, or the tissue environment that are linked to the cancer growth and survival
- Immunotherapy: The body’s immune system or natural defences are boosted to destroy cancer.
The patient can get hormone therapy, targeted therapy and chemotherapy along with surgery or radiation. We use a multidisciplinary approach which helps in treating the residual cancer cells, during other forms of treatment.
What Are The Precautions One Should Take To Avoid Gastrointestinal Cancer?
- Keep a healthy weight.
- Get proper treatment for the infection, if you have ulcers from an H. pylori infection.
- Talk to your doctor for daily usage of NSAID drugs for arthritis or aspirin for heart problems.
- Be physically more active.
- Eat healthy food
- Avoid too much alcohol consumption.
- Avoid the use of tobacco.
- Stop smoking.
Are There Any Risk Factors Involved?
Some of the significant factors that lead to Gastrointestinal Cancer are:
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Increasing age
- Diet high in animal fat
- Diets having a high amount of salt
- Chronic pancreatitis
- Stomach surgery for an ulcer
- Type-A blood group
- Epstein-Barr virus infection
- Certain genes
- An occupational hazard such as working in coal, timber, metal, or rubber industries
- Exposure to asbestos