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Inflammatory bowel disease

Yashoda Hospital is one of the few hospitals in the region which specializes in patient-centered inflammatory bowel disease treatments. We strive to provide the best therapies and treatment for inflammatory bowel disease. Our digestive offers quaternary level surgical care to patients with Gastroenterological diseases, including advanced contemporary care for inflammatory bowel disease and Crohn’s disease.

What is Inflammatory bowel disease?

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an umbrella term that is used to specify the complications that consist of the chronic inflammation of the digestive tract.

Different types of IBD include:

  • Ulcerative colitis. This condition refers to the inflammation and sores (ulcers) along with the superficial placement of your large intestine (colon) and rectum.
  • Crohn’s disease. This type of IBD is marked by inflammation of the lining of your digestive tract, which generally can involve the deeper layers of the digestive tract.

Both ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease normally are symbolized by diarrhea, rectal bleeding, fatigue, abdominal pain, and weight loss.

IBD can be debilitating and occasionally leads to life-threatening complications.

What are the Symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease?

Inflammatory bowel syndrome symptoms differ, depending on the harshness of inflammation and where it takes place. Symptoms may differ from mild to severe. You are prone to have periods of intense illness accompanied by periods of remission.

Signs and symptoms that are shared to both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain and cramping
  • Blood in your stool
  • Reduced appetite
  • Unintended weight loss

You should consult the doctor if you encounter a constant change in your bowel habits or if you have any of the signs of inflammatory bowel disease. Although inflammatory bowel disease generally isn’t fatal, it’s an important disease that, in some instances, may cause life-threatening complications.

What are the Diagnostic Procedures Used at Yashoda Hospital?

Your doctor will likely diagnose inflammatory bowel disease only after carrying tests and ruling out other possible causes for your signs and symptoms. To help corroborate a diagnosis of IBD, you will require a combination of tests and procedures:

Lab tests

Tests for anemia or infection: Your doctor may recommend blood tests to confirm for anemia — a condition in which there aren’t adequate red blood cells to move adequate oxygen to your tissues — or to test for signs of infection from bacteria or viruses.

Stool studies. You may need to arrange a stool sample so that your physician can check for hidden (occult) blood or organisms, such as parasites, in your stool.

Endoscopic procedures are:

  • Colonoscopy: This exam allows your specialist to observe your entire colon using a thin, flexible, lighted tube with a camera at the end. During the practice, your doctor can also collect small samples of tissue (biopsy) for laboratory evaluation. A biopsy is an approach to prepare the diagnosis of IBD versus alternative forms of inflammation.
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy: Your doctor uses a narrow, flexible, lighted tube to study the rectum and sigmoid, the last section of your colon. If your colon is acutely inflamed, your doctor may offer this test instead of a complete colonoscopy.
  • Upper endoscopy: In this procedure, your doctor adopts a narrow, flexible, lighted tube to explore the esophagus, stomach, and early part of the small intestine (duodenum). While it is extraordinary for these areas to be associated with Crohn’s disease, this test may be suggested if you are experiencing nausea and vomiting, trouble while eating, or upper abdominal pain.
  • Capsule endoscopy: This test is occasionally needed to help diagnose Crohn’s disease affecting your small intestine. A capsule with a camera in it is ingested, and the images are transmitted to a recorder you wear on your belt. Capsule endoscopy is usually conducted when there is a bowel obstruction.
  • Balloon-assisted enteroscopy: For this test, an extension is operated in conjunction with a device called an overtube. This sets up the doctor to view further into the narrow bowel where standard endoscopes don’t reach. This approach is effective when a capsule endoscopy reveals abnormalities, but the diagnosis is still suspect.

Imaging procedures

  • X-ray
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

What are the Treatment Procedures used in Yashoda Hospital?

The objective of inflammatory bowel disease treatment is to diminish the inflammation that causes your signs and symptoms. In the best situations, this may contribute not only to symptom relief but likewise to long-term remission and lower risks of complications. IBD treatment generally concerns either drug therapy or surgery.

Anti-inflammatory drugs

Immune system suppressors

These drugs work in a mixture of ways to curb the immune response that releases inflammation-inducing chemicals into the body. When delivered, these chemicals can weaken the lining of the digestive tract.

Biologics

Biologics are a newer class of therapy in which medicine is directed toward neutralizing proteins in the body that are causing irritation. Some are delivered via intravenous (IV) infusions, and others are injections you give yourself.

Antibiotics

Antibiotics may be utilized in addition to other remedies or when the infection is a concern — in instances of perianal Crohn’s disease, for example.

Nutritional support

When weight loss is extreme, your doctor may suggest a special diet given via a feeding tube (enteral nutrition) or nutrients injected into a vein (parenteral nutrition) to cure your IBD.

Surgery

Surgery for ulcerative colitis: Surgery involves removal of the full colon and rectum and the construction of an internal pouch connected to the anus that allows bowel movements without a bag. In some situations, a pouch is not conceivable. Instead, surgeons form a stable opening in your abdomen (ileal stoma) through which stool is moved for collection in an attached bag.

Surgery for Crohn’s disease.: Up to two-thirds of people with Crohn’s disorder will need at least one surgery in their lifetime. However, surgery does not treat Crohn’s disease. During surgery, your surgeon extracts an infected portion of your digestive tract and then restores the healthy sections. Surgery is also performed to close fistulas and drain abscesses.



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