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At Yashoda hospital, we provide expert specialty care for alcohol-related disorders and for several dysfunctions along with the entire gastrointestinal (GI) tract and liver. Our alcohol-related disorder unit is well equipped with advanced technologies for the early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of complex alcoholic fatty liver disease, acute alcoholic hepatitis, and alcoholic Cirrhosis.

What is Alcohol-related Disorders?

Alcohol-related liver disease (ARLD) is a result of the damage to the liver from years of excessive drinking. Prolonged years of alcohol abuse can cause the liver to become inflamed and swollen. This damage can also develop scarring, known as Cirrhosis. The final stage of liver disease is Cirrhosis. Due to excessive alcohol consumption, liver disease is just one of the consequences. This is especially serious as liver failure can be fatal.

What are the various types and symptoms of alcohol-related liver disease?

Depending on the stage of the diseases, the symptoms of ARLD are treated. There are three stages:

  • Alcoholic fatty liver disease: This is the initial stage of ARLD, where fat appears to accumulate around the liver. It can be treated by not consuming alcohol anymore.
  • Acute alcoholic hepatitis: Alcohol abuse results in inflammation (swelling) of the liver in this stage. The reaction depends on the severity of the damage. In some processes, treatment can invalidate the damage, while more extreme cases of alcoholic hepatitis can cause liver failure.
  • Alcoholic Cirrhosis: This is the most acute form of ARLD. At this position, the liver is marred from alcohol abuse, and the deterioration cannot be undone. Cirrhosis can result in liver failure.

Some individuals with ARLD don’t have symptoms until the condition is advanced. Others start showing signs sooner. Symptoms of ARLD include:

  • nausea
  • loss of appetite
  • jaundice
  • fatigue
  • abdominal discomfort
  • increased thirst
  • swelling in the legs and abdomen
  • weight loss
  • darkening or lightening of the skin
  • red hands or feet
  • dark bowel movements
  • fainting
  • unusual agitation
  • mood swings
  • confusion
  • bleeding gums
  • enlarged breasts (in men)

Symptoms of ARLD may appear up more regularly after binge drinking.

What are the Diagnostic Procedures of Alcohol-Related Disorder at Yashoda Hospital?

ARLD is not the particular disease that can lead to liver damage. Your specialist will prefer to test the health of your liver to rule out other maladies. Your doctor may order:

  • complete blood count (CBC)
  • liver function test
  • abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan
  • abdominal ultrasound
  • liver biopsy

Liver enzyme analyses are also carried in the liver function test. These tests measure the levels of three liver enzymes:

  • gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT)
  • aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
  • alanine aminotransferase (ALT)

You’re expected to have ARLD if your AST level is two times higher than your ALT level.

How is Alcohol-Related Disorder Treated?

ARLD treatment includes two goals. The original is to help you stop drinking. This can inhibit further liver damage and promote healing. The second is to enhance your liver health.

If you have ARLD, your doctor may suggest:

  • Alcoholic rehabilitation program: Programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous can push you to stop drinking when you can’t quit on your own.
  • Multivitamins: B-complex vitamins are customarily low in people who drink heavily. This deficiency can lead to anemia or malnutrition.
  • Liver transplant: A transplant may be imperative if your liver is too scarred by Cirrhosis to function perfectly.
  • Vitamin A supplements: Many individuals with ARLD are vitamin A-deficient.

It’s significant to note that taking vitamin A and alcohol together can be lethal. Only people who have quit drinking can have these supplements. Supplements will not cure liver disease, but they can avoid problems like malnutrition.

 



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