Surgical Diseases of the Luminal Gastrointestinal System- Yashoda Hospital Ghaziabad
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Surgical Diseases Of The Luminal Gastrointestinal System

The surgical diseases of the luminal gastrointestinal system unit offer the highest level of surgical care to patients with Gastroenterological diseases involving cutting edge contemporary care for cancers of stomach, oesophagus, pancreas, colon, gall bladder and liver. Using many advanced skill-sets and multidisciplinary approach, our team delivers comprehensive treatment for complex abdominal operations.

At Yashoda hospital, our highly talented and well-acclaimed GI surgeons deliver Advanced Minimally Invasive Laparoscopic, robotic and conventional operations for GI Cancers treatment, weight loss and other challenging procedures.

What Is Gastrointestinal Surgery?

Gastrointestinal surgery is a type of surgical procedure which is used to treat chronic diseases of those parts of the body which are involved in digestion. In the digestive tract, the surgery is performed to remove various benign and cancerous growth. This involves the entire digestive system comprising of stomach, large intestine, small intestine, liver, oesophagus, gallbladder, pancreas and rectum.                   

What Are The Different Indicators Of Gastrointestinal Surgery?

Some of the significant symptoms of gastrointestinal disease which may warrant surgery are as follows:

Upper GI complaints include:

  • Chest pain and heartburn
  • Recent loss of appetite and weight
  • Halitosis
  • Hiccups
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dyspepsia
  • Chronic and recurrent abdominal pain
  • Lump in the throat
  • Rumination

Lower GI complaints include:

  • Diarrhoea
  • Gas and bloating
  • Constipation
  • Abdominal pain
  • Rectal pain
  • Bleeding along with stools

What Are The Types of Medical Conditions We Treat Under Gastrointestinal Surgery?

 Some of the key conditions we treat with Gastrointestinal Surgery include:

  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Gall Bladder Cancer
  • Colo-Rectal Cancer
  • Stomach Cancer
  • Liver Cancer
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Portal Hypertension
  • Re-operational / Revision Surgery
  • Enterocutaneous Fistulas
  • Weight loss (Bariatric) Surgery

Other diseases include:

  • Achalasia
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Neoplasms of the stomach, pancreas, duodenal, and biliary tract
  • Treat stomach ulcers
  • Hernias
  • Portal Hypertension
  • Rectal prolapse
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Diverticular disease of the colon
  • Abdominal masses
  • Barrett's Oesophagus
  • Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis

Are You A Candidate For Gastrointestinal Surgery?

Our doctor will examine the patient current medical condition to assess whether the patient will benefit from the gastrointestinal surgery or not. The doctor may suggest you to go for surgery if you experience any of the following conditions:

  • Difficulty in eating food or drinking liquid or passing it from the mouth to the stomach
  • Pain which occurs between the chest and the groin
  • Abdominal discomfort that comes before the act of vomiting
  • Poor bowel control
  • Acid reflux leaks into the oesophagus with the burning sensation
  • The regular passing of watery stools
  • The stomach appears feels swollen or full, (due to a build-up of gas, fluid or ingested food)
  • Blood in the stools

A person is eligible for bariatric surgery if he/she has:

  • BMI ≥ 40
  • BMI ≥ 35 with severe type 2 diabetes or severe sleep apnea.
  • Inability to lose weight in a healthy manner, in spite of trying various methods such as dieting and exercise.

What Are The Several Diagnosis Tests Required Prior To Gastrointestinal Surgery?

A doctor will examine you before recommending you for surgery. Some of the following tests are:

  • Blood Tests
  • Upper GI Endoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Anorectal Manometry
  • Capsule Endoscopy
  • Flexible Sigmoidoscopy
  • Balloon-Assisted Enteroscopy
  • Angiography
  • Imaging Tests
    • Normal X-Rays
    • Barium X-Rays
    • Computed Tomography Scan (CT Scan)
    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
    • CT Scan
    • Ultrasound scanning

What Is The Expected Procedure For Gastrointestinal Surgery?

Preoperative Work-up

Before the surgery, the doctor will examine the patient medical condition and counsel him/her for the possible risks/complications that may arise during the Gastrointestinal Surgical procedure/ Laparoscopic Surgery.

To reduce the risk prior to the procedure, the doctor may also prescribe relevant medications. The patient will be advised not to eat anything the night before the surgery.

Operative Steps for Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgery

  • STEP 1: The patient will be given general anesthesia and the surgery will be performed when the patient goes to sleep.
  • STEP 2: The surgeon will make a minimal small incisions in the abdomen to see inside the body, by using thin tube-like Laparoscope having a camera on its tip.
  • STEP 3: A camera will be inserted inside the abdomen through the small incisions. The affected part will be removed depending on the reason for which the surgical procedure is performed.
  • STEP 4: After removing the affected part, the surgeon will reconnect the remaining part and the incision is closed with stitches.

Are There Any risks Involved with the Procedure?

Any surgery has some with mild complications, such as:

  • Infection at the area of the incision
  • Soreness and pain during recovery
  • Bleeding
  • Response to anaesthesia and dye

However, our expert and trained doctors will ensure that you do not suffer from any complex problems

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