What is Hydrocele?
Hydrocele is a condition marked by swelling in the scrotum that happens as a result of the build-up of fluids in the thin sheath that surrounds the testicles. The condition is quite common in prematurely born babies, affecting almost 10 per cent of new-born male infants. However, in the majority of cases, it cures on its own, without any treatment, by the time the child is 1 year old. In adults, the condition may be a result of an injury or blow to the scrotum. Although the condition is not life-threatening, proper treatment is important to get rid of the pain, swelling and discomfort.
Hydrocele is further classified into two types i.e. communicating hydrocele and non-communicating hydrocele. The former occurs when the testicular sac does not close properly, allowing all the fluids to enter inside. The latter occurs when the sac closes properly, yet the body is nor able to absorb the fluids.
Our doctors diagnose the condition through a combination of tests that include both, physical exams and imaging techniques. The former helps to determine how the swelling responds under pressure or when the patient is coughing. The later includes imaging tests like an ultrasound that helps to look for any other abnormality and rule out the possibility of the same. The tenderness of your scrotum may be checked using transillumination.
Surgery is recommended to patients who do not respond well to medication and involves the removal of the hydrocele under the influence of anaesthesia, via a tiny incision in your abdomen, or scrotum. Needle aspiration technique might also be used which involves the draining of the fluid using a log needle. The option is recommended to patients who face high risks of complications during surgery.