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Genetic and Foetal Medicine

The Center for Genetics and Foetal Medicine at Yashoda Hospital provides sympathetic, comprehensive assessment and management of inherited conditions and an extensive range of foetal disease, including twin-twin transfusion disorder, foetal airway blockage, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, and congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

Our team, which consists of reproductive endocrinologists, maternal-foetal medicine (high-risk pregnancy) specialists, sonologists, ultrasonographers, genetic counselors, neonatologists, geneticists, social workers, and nurses, provides the best care at the hospital.

Our maternal-foetal medicine (high-risk pregnancy) specialists also collaborate intimately with neonatologists in the Department of Paediatric Neonatal unit to deliver specialized care after your baby is born in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Our maternal-foetal medicine (high-risk pregnancy) specialists also cooperate with other paediatricians at the hospital and, if the need arises, work with other doctors in the hospital to provide specialty paediatric care.

What is the Genetic and Foetal Medicine Unit?

The Genetics and Foetal Medicine Unit at Yashoda Hospital has the objective of using numerous diagnostic methods to detect the health of the unborn child. It is involved in the specific interpretation, comprehensive administration, counseling, and prenatal analysis of natural and rare genetic and non-genetic disorders.

The notion of “Foetus as a patient” is unique and the Genetics and Foetal Medicine Unit provides its subjects with complete solutions to foetal diseases. Our team of accomplished doctors functions closely with Neonatology, Paediatric Surgery, Paediatric cardiothoracic surgery, Paediatric Cardiology, Paediatric Neurology, Paediatric neurosurgery, Paediatric urology, and Paediatric otolaryngology to provide coordinated prenatal care for patients who get unexpected foetal screening or ultrasound results.

What Are The Services Provided At The Genetics and Foetal Medicine Unit at Yashoda Hospital?

At Yashoda hospital, our dedicated team of doctors at the Genetic and Foetal Medicine Unit focuses on providing world-class care to its patients throughout the pregnancy. They concentrate on five main issues linked to pregnancy.

  • Prevention of Down syndrome
  • Prevention of Stillbirths
  • Prevention of Thalassemia
  • Prevention of Preeclampsia
  • Prevention of Congenital malformations

With the reduction in the fatality rates owing to infectious diseases that results in genetic disorders, there has been growing awareness among physicians, and they no longer see these disorders as an uncommon entity. The growth in the field of research in genetics throughout the last century has bought plenty of study in clinical medication into existence. The exponential expansion of knowledge of genetics has encouraged doctors to produce world-class clinical utility. Many of these complications are now preventable and treatable when diagnosed prenatally.

Earlier, genetics was merely restrained to labs, but now this specialty is finding application in clinical practice. Management of hereditary disorders is still mainly palliatives or out of the grasp of common people. However, the only course to prevent an immense range of these genetic disorders is through Genetic counseling & prenatal analysis.

Our Clinical Genetics and Foetal Medicine provide the following services:

  • Genetic counseling services by a well renowned medical geneticist for
    • Single gene disorders
    • Chromosomal diseases
    • A child with a mental/physical handicap
    • Teratogen (drug / radiation) exposure
    • Family history of Genetic Diseases
  • Prenatal diagnosis by amniocentesis / Cordocentesis/ CVS in order to eliminate several genetic & non-genetic disorders such as:
    • Down syndrome or any other chromosomal diseases
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)
    • Thalassemia and other hemoglobinopathies
    • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
    • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)
  • Counseling for abnormal Genetic Sonogram
  • Counseling sessions and management for Intrauterine Infections –
    • Chickenpox
    • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
    • Rubella
    • Toxoplasma
    • Parvovirus
  • Management & assessment of recurrent abortions (which includes LIT therapy)
  • Management & assessment of recurrent intrauterine death (IUD)
  • Evaluation and genetic testing for a neurological disorder such as:
    • Huntington chorea
    • Spinocerebellar ataxia
  • Genomic testing
  • Inborn errors of metabolism
  • Neuromuscular disorders
    • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)
    • Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)
  • Counseling and genetic testing for
    • Breast Cancer
    • Ovarian Cancer
  • Foetal Autopsy and counseling session by a genetic specialist for
    • Etiological diagnosis
    • Next pregnancy
  • Primary amenorrhoea
  • Genetic tests for Male infertility
  • Dysmorphology
  • Preconception / Premarital Counselling

What Are The Medical Conditions We Treat Under The Genetics and Foetal Medicine Unit?

Some of the significant conditions we treat include:

  • Antepartum
    • Antepartum Haemorrhage (APH)
    • Abnormal Ductus Venosus (DV) flow
    • Cervical Insufficiency
    • Open Neural Tube Defects (NTDs)
    • Premature Rupture of Membranes (PROM)
    • Dichorionic Diamniotic (DCDA) twins
    • Monochorionic Monoamniotic (MCMA) twins
    • Placenta Accreta
    • Placenta Praevia
    • Twin to Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS)
  • Abdominal
    • Abdominal wall defects
    • Absence of the abdominal muscles
    • Diaphragmatic hernia
    • Gastroschisis or unusual opening in the abdominal wall
    • Intestinal Artesia or blockage in the small intestine
    • Omphalocele
  • Cardiac
    • Acardiac twins
    • Double outlet right ventricle
    • Ebstein’s anomaly
    • Endocardial cushion defects
    • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)
    • Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)
    • Transposition of the great arteries
    • Tricuspid regurgitation at 11-13 weeks' gestation
    • Ventricular Septal Defects (VSD)
  • Haemolytic
    • Alloimmune thrombocytopenia
    • Anaemia and haemolysis
  • Neurological
    • Cerebral palsy
    • Dandy-walker malformation
    • Down syndrome
    • Genetic brain malformation
    • Hydrocephalus and ventriculomegaly
    • Spina bifida
  • Pulmonary
    • Bronchopulmonary sequestrations ( also known as solid masses of lung tissue)
    • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
    • Cystic pulmonary airway malformation
    • Pleural effusions
  • Renal
    • Hydronephrosis
    • Polycystic kidney
    • Renal agenesis
    • Multicystic kidney
  • Skeletal
    • Abnormal bones
    • Abnormal skull shape
    • Hypomineralization
    • Major limb abnormalities
    • Skeletal dysplasia
  • Miscellaneous
    • Entrapment of foetal parts or amniotic band syndrome
    • Extremity entrapment
    • Head/face entrapment
    • Premature rupture of foetal membranes
    • Selective intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR)


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