Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB) in Children

Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB) in Children
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Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children is a term used for breathing difficulties during sleep. It can range from simple snoring to complete intermittent cessation of breath during sleep, also called Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA).  The prevalence of SDB in children is estimated to be approximately 2-10% in the 3-7 years of age group.

Let’s understand more about Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB) with the help of this blog.

Causes of Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB) in Children

The most common causes of Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB) in children include enlarged adenoids and tonsils. Among other causes of SDB, we have obesity, an abnormally smaller jaw, a large tongue, and neuromuscular deficits such as cerebral palsy. These children become habitual mouth breathers and in the long term can develop facial changes such as a pinched nose, crowding of teeth, and narrow high arch palate, which is also known as adenoid facies.

Read Also: Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Rhinorrhoea (Watery Nasal Discharge)

Complaints & Symptoms of Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB) in Children:

The most common symptoms of Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB) include snoring, sleep disturbances, breathing from the mouth, running nose, ear infection, irritability, bed-wetting, learning difficulties, and poor growth.

Identifying children with SDB early and instituting treatment on time is important to prevent cardiac and facial development problems in the future course of life.

Read Also: Tonsillitis: Risk Factors, Signs, Symptoms, Prevention, Tests, Treatments, Specialists & Doctors

Causes & Treatment of Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB) in Children:

Enlarged tonsils and adenoids are the most common causes of Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB).

Adenotonsillectomy is generally considered the first-line treatment for pediatric SDB cases if the symptoms are significant.

Book an Appointment with the Best ENT Specialist in Delhi NCR:

Dr. (Lt. Col.) Ravi Roy, Senior Consultant, ENT at Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre based in Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad, has over 20 years of clinical experience, including 13 years as an otolaryngologist. He specializes in CSF rhinorrhea and endoscopic sinus surgeries. Meet him for the best ENT treatment.

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Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital is one of the best super specialty hospitals in Ghaziabad, Noida & Delhi NCR. Yashoda Hospital aims at providing the best healthcare services across the country and not just in Delhi NCR, Ghaziabad & Noida. Being a super speciality hospital, Yashoda Hospital has a number of dedicated specialities under one roof- gastroenterology, general surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology, cardiology, pulmonology & internal medicine, orthopedics, urology and many more.

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