Root Canal Treatment

Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment (also known as endodontic therapy, endodontic treatment or root canal  therapy) is a dental procedure used to repair and save a damaged or infected tooth without  removing it permanently. People undergo this procedure when the soft tissue inside the root  canal that contains blood vessels, nerves and connective tissues, becomes swollen or infected.  This treatment eliminates the inflammation and decontaminates the tooth from microbial  infection caused due to deep decay, repeated dental procedures, and a crack or injury to the  tooth.

Why does tooth pulp need to be removed?

When bacteria begin to multiply on the damaged pulp inside the pulp chamber, it causes an  infection or abscess tooth (pus filled pocket at the end of the roots of the tooth). When the  infection spreads in the root canal of the tooth, it may cause: 

  • Swelling on the face, head & neck 
  • Loss of bone around the tip of the root 
  • Drainage problem occurring through the side of tooth into the gums or through the  cheek into the skin. 

Signs & symptoms for root canal treatment

If a person is suffering from these signs and symptoms, s/he should consider a root canal  treatment: 

  • Tooth sensitivity from hot & cold foods 
  • Pain while biting or chewing food 
  • Chipped or cracked tooth 
  • Swollen gums 
  • Pimples on gums 
  • Darkened gums or deep decay  

When is root canal treated? 

When the soft inner part of the tooth becomes inflamed, injured or infected, it becomes necessary to undergo root canal treatment to prevent any further damage. The best way to  preserve the structure of the tooth is by removing the injured or infected pulp while the crown  of the tooth remains intact. 

Various reasons involved in damaging the pulp: 

  • Tooth decay 
  • Multiple dental procedures 
  • Chip or crack in the tooth 
  • Tooth injury 

How is a root canal performed?

The treatment for a root canal includes removing the affected area of the tooth, cleaning and  decontaminating it using disinfectants and then filling and sealing it. 

The proper sequence in which the root canal treatment is carried out is as follows: 

Step one: 

The dentist will treat the infected tooth with a small amount of numbing medicine on the gum  of the patient. After this, a local anesthesia will be injected into the gums which may cause a  sharp pinch or burning sensation. 

(The local anesthesia will only numb the affected area while the patient will remain awake  during the whole procedure.) 

Step two: 

To keep the area near the affected tooth dry and free from saliva, the dentist may place a thin  sheet of rubber or vinyl called a dental dam. 

Step three: 

This step may include drilling a small hole from behind the tooth to get an access to the pulp  chamber and root canal for treatment.  

Step four: 

While the tooth is still numb, the dentist will remove the damaged and infected part of the  tooth through a small hole drilled by using specially designed instruments. After the removal of  the damaged parts, the area is cleaned out using a series of root canal files. 

Step five: 

After scrapping and scrubbing the infected tooth, the debris are flushed away by spraying water  or sodium hypochlorite solution and the canal is disinfected by using antiseptic and  antibacterial solution. The dentist may also apply a coat of some topical antibiotic to prevent  reinfection. 

Step six: 

Once the canal is thoroughly cleaned, the dentist will fill and seal the tooth with a material  called “gutta-percha”. This material will ensure that the tooth is completely sealed and will  protect it from further contamination. 

Step seven: 

This concluding stage may involve further restoration of the tooth. A metal or inert material  crown is placed over the tooth to protect it from further damage. This metal crown will prevent  it from breaking and restore it to function like any other tooth. 

Root canal complications 

A new infection may appear after the root canal treatment if: 

  • The root canal is not properly cleaned
  • There is an undetected crack in the root of the tooth 
  • Bacterial infection is passed into the inner tooth during restoration 
  • There is a breakdown of the inner sealing material which may allow the bacteria to  reinfect the tooth. 

Some complications can be easily resolved by retreatment but in other cases, you may need  a surgery to save the infected tooth. 

Tips to avoid this condition 

Here are some steps which can help a person to avoid root canal which are as follows:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day 
  • Floss your teeth at least once a day 
  • To avoid sports related injury, always wear a mouth guard 
  • Visit a dentist regularly for your dental checkup 

Best Hospitals & Doctors for Root Canal Treatment in Ghaziabad

Dentists at Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad are known for  providing world-class health care services to patients. They are highly skilled in diagnosing,  preventing and treating all dental diseases as well as performing root canal treatment with  great accuracy and care.

Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital is one of the best super specialty hospitals in Ghaziabad, Noida & Delhi NCR. Yashoda Hospital aims at providing the best healthcare services across the country and not just in Delhi NCR, Ghaziabad & Noida. Being a super speciality hospital, Yashoda Hospital has a number of dedicated specialities under one roof- gastroenterology, general surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology, cardiology, pulmonology & internal medicine, orthopedics, urology and many more.

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