Obstetrician & Gynaecologist (OB-GYN) : What They Do, When You Need One, and What to Expect

Obstetrician & Gynaecologist (OB-GYN) : What They Do, When You Need One, and What to Expect

Doctors who specialise in women’s health are known as Obstetrician & Gynaecologist (OB-GYN)  often abbreviated as OB-GYN or OB/GYN or O&G. It is a medical speciality that includes two subspecialities- obstetrics (pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum period) and gynaecology (health of reproductive organs like uterus, vagina, ovaries, etc.) Some OB-GYNs provide general healthcare services such as primary healthcare while others aim to provide medical care of the female reproductive system. OB-GYNs can perform surgeries as well as conduct labour and delivery.

What exactly does obstetrics & gynecology mean?

Obstetrics is a field of study related to medical care before, during, and after a woman gives birth. During maternity, an obstetrician maintains and takes care of women’s overall health which may include pregnancy, labour, childbirth, and postpartum period.

Gynecology is a field of study which deals with the female reproductive system. It includes the diagnosis, treatment, and care of the ovaries, uterus, vagina, and fallopian tubes (oviduct). It also treats and diagnoses issues related to breasts. Gynaecologists deal with all women- pubertal to adults.

Conditions that Obstetrician & Gynaecologist (OB-GYN) treats:

An Obstetrician & Gynaecologist (OB-GYN)  diagnosis manages and treats a wide range of medical conditions depending upon your health, age, and reproductive goals.

Here are some conditions under which you may need to visit an Obstetrician & Gynaecologist (OB-GYN):

  • if you are suffering from abnormal bleeding.
  • If you have pain in the pelvic region.
  • If you are suffering from genital itching.
  • In case of urinary tract infections (UTI).
  • If you have breast-related issues.
  • If you have hormone-related disorders.
  • In case of infertility

In all these cases, you must consult an OB -GYN near you.

Procedures that Obstetrician & Gynaecologist (OB-GYN) performs:

Obstetrician & Gynaecologist (OB-GYN)  are well-trained in performing various kinds of major and minor surgeries. These surgeries and procedures may include biopsy, dilation and curettage, tubal ligation for female sterilisation, laser surgery, hysterectomy (removal of uterus), myomectomy (removal of fibroids), etc.

They also perform in-vitro fertilisation, vaginal delivery (natural delivery), cesarean delivery (C section), forceps and vacuum deliveries, amniocentesis (a test to determine sex of the baby and to detect genetic abnormalities) to manage health during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period.

Pelvic examination (pap smear), clinical breast examination via mammography, cancer screening etc. are some of the tests which an obstetrician & gynecologist (OB-GYN) may use to diagnose the cause of a disease.

When should you see an Obstetrician & Gynaecologist (OB-GYN) ?

  • Women who have attained puberty or entered adulthood must visit an obstetrician & gynecologist (OB-GYN) at least once a year.
  • Apart from the annual check-ups, one must visit a doctor in case of any changes/commencement of the reproductive cycle like first menstrual cycle, pregnancy, or menopause.
  • In case of any abnormal changes in the reproductive cycle such as pain during intercourse, changes in the frequency of the menstrual cycle, pain while urinating, unusual abdominal cramps. In such cases, your doctor will conduct a physical examination (such as pelvic test), evaluation and screening test if required, depending upon your age and health.
  • You must visit obstetrician & gynecologist (OB-GYN) if you are sexually active. They will help you guide on various issues such as birth control, contraception, sterilisation, safe sex tips, etc. They will also guide you as to how to prevent or treat serious sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like HIV.
  • If you are planning for a baby, then too you should see an OB-GYN.
  • OB-GYN provide for prenatal care, labour and birthing options as well.

Points to be considered while selecting an Obstetrician & Gynaecologist (OB-GYN):

If you are planning to see an obstetrician & gynecologist (OB-GYN), consider the following points before selecting the right OB-GYN depending upon your goals:

  • You will need the best prenatal care during pregnancy as regular check-ups will help you eliminate complications which can affect you and your baby. Your doctor will plan a schedule and fix your appointments as a part of regular check-ups.

What to expect on the visit in case of pregnancy?

  • On your visit during the prenatal care, your doctor will do an ultrasound** to keep a track on the baby’s health. Ultrasound during pregnancy can detect abnormalities such as down syndrome or ectopic pregnancy.

**Ultrasound during first trimester helps in detecting the number of embryos (single, twins or multiple) developing inside the womb. Gestational age and expected due date of the baby can also be predicted.

**Ultrasounds during second trimester (18-20 weeks of pregnancy) will determine the development of foetal structures such as limbs, spine, internal organs and the placental size and location.

**Ultrasound performed during or at the end of the third trimester gives an idea about the overall development of the baby and the exact location of the placenta.

  • Women without medical complications may be suggested a normal delivery in which the baby is born through the vagina (birth canal). Low risk of infection, quick recovery, shorter stay at the hospital are some of the benefits of normal delivery.
  • Women with medical conditions may be suggested cesarean delivery (C-section). Deliveries through C- section reduces the chances of complications in case of multiple babies (twins, triplets, etc.) or if the baby is too large for vaginal delivery. It is also preferred under medical conditions like placenta previa, obstruction in the birth canal, etc.

BEST Obstetrician & Gynaecologist (OB-GYN) IN Ghaziabad or Delhi NCR

Dr. Shashi Arora, HOD, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad is the best Obstetrician & Gynecologist in Delhi NCR. With medical experience spanning a period of more than 40 years, she has performed 60,000+ deliveries till date. She specializes in all women-related issues including hysterectomy and advanced laparoscopy surgery.

Dr. Jyotsana Agarwal is one of the best gynecologists and obstetricians in Delhi NCR. She has experience of 30 years in the field of gynecology having mentored many medical practitioners. She is known for treatment of various diseases during pregnancy.

Dr. Aparna Arya Tyagi has an expertise in high-risk obstetrics management, cesarean deliveries, open gynae surgeries, infertility and gynae cases. Besides this, she specialises in preventive oncology of the female reproductive system as well as in diagnosing and managing high risk pregnancies.

Women must visit an Obstetrician & Gynaecologist (OB-GYN) since the onset of puberty and first periods at least once a year and especially during pregnancy. If you are living in Delhi NCR, Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad is the best hospital for consultation with an obstetrician-gynecologist. Our OB-GYNs are well-renowned in providing the best services related to women healthcare. They carry out all major and minor surgeries with great care and precision. 

Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital is one of the best super specialty hospitals in Ghaziabad, Noida & Delhi NCR. Yashoda Hospital aims at providing the best healthcare services across the country and not just in Delhi NCR, Ghaziabad & Noida. Being a super speciality hospital, Yashoda Hospital has a number of dedicated specialities under one roof- gastroenterology, general surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology, cardiology, pulmonology & internal medicine, orthopedics, urology and many more.

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