Most Common Complications During Pregnancy
Pregnancy is a very sensitive matter for women. This is something which every woman wants to deal with very carefully, taking every precaution in order to ensure a safe and healthy delivery. Most women experience a normal pregnancy with only minor complications that are quite easy to be dealt with by a specialist.
However, women may experience certain complications in pregnancy at times, that can harm her or the baby’s health. It is also possible that the woman may be suffering from diseases or conditions which can eventually lead to complications during the pregnancy. Complications may also arise during labour and delivery. With a specialist having a sufficient amount of experience, these complications can be detected at an early stage and dealt with, accordingly and timely. Taking action timely also cuts down any risk that may be there for the baby and the mother.
Following are some of the most common complications which women suffer from during pregnancy:
- Preterm labour
- Gestational diabetes
- High blood pressure
Most common complications during pregnancy
Often, it becomes difficult to distinguish between normal pregnancy signs and those with complications. In case the female has any concerns regarding her pregnancy, she should contact her obstetrician & gynecologist immediately.
Some of the common complications are as follows:
Anaemia – Anaemia is defined as the deficiency of red blood cells. Treating the hidden reason for iron deficiency will be beneficial for reestablishing the quantity of sound red platelets as well. Females with pregnancy-related frailty may feel drained and weak. For this, iron and folic corrosive supplements are recommended. To be on the safer side, the obstetrician & gynecologist will check your iron levels all throughout pregnancy.
High blood pressure (hypertension) – This condition occurs when arteries carrying blood from the heart to the body organs are limited leading to makes pressure expansion in the course of supply. During
pregnancy, this condition can make it difficult for the blood to reach the placenta that gives supplements and oxygen to the foetus. Reduced bloodstream can moderate the development of the embryo exposing the mother to more serious dangers of preterm labour and toxaemia.
Miscarriage – Loss of pregnancy or miscarriage is the term used to depict a pregnancy misfortune due to any cause. Signs can incorporate vaginal spotting or bleeding or liquid or tissue passing from the vagina. Nonetheless, draining from the vagina doesn’t imply that a premature delivery will occur or is happening. Women encountering this sign any time in their pregnancy should contact their specialist.
Gestational diabetes – Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a kind of diabetes that happens during pregnancy. Perhaps, the greatest danger of gestational diabetes is that your newborn baby may be a lot bigger than ordinary babies, a condition called macrosomia. Some women are asked to change their eating regimen in order to control their glucose levels. Now and again, a pregnant woman may be asked to take insulin to ensure that her glucose levels don’t cross the danger levels.
Preeclampsia – Preeclampsia, also known as toxaemia is pregnancy-instigated hypertension. It is caused by the presence of protein in the urine. Fluid retention may also cause swelling. The treatment will depend upon the seriousness of the condition and phase of pregnancy. Treatment may also incorporate hospitalization, bed rest and medication to bring down the circulatory strain as well as close observation of both the mother and her unborn baby.
Preterm labour – If a woman undergoes labor before 37 weeks in the course of her pregnancy, it is known as preterm labor. This condition occurs before the baby’s organs like lungs and brain have completely developed. Specific medications can be helpful in stopping preterm labour. In order to avoid this condition, proper bedrest may be advised by the doctor.
Infection – Complications in pregnant women can also be experienced due to a lot of infections such as viral, bacterial and parasitic infections. Infections build up the risk of danger for both mother and the baby. Getting the right treatment at the right time, thus, becomes incredibly important. Some common infections are as follows:
- Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
- Hepatitis B
- Zika virus
Women at the greatest risk of complications
Women suffering from chronic diseases or any severe condition should consult an obstetrician & gynecologist before conceiving or anywhere before planning a baby in future. This will help in cutting down the risks of complications during pregnancy. In case the woman has already conceived the baby, proper screenings, timely tests and ultrasounds may reduce the risk of complications to a large extent.
Complications may also be caused by certain diseases and conditions like anemia, diabetes, hypertension, infections, cancer, sexually transmitted diseases, etc.
Factors increasing the risk of complications
Further these complications have a higher risk of occurring if:-
1) The baby is conceived at an early age
2) Consumption of drugs or alcohol by the pregnant woman
3) Conceiving after 35 years of age
4) Conceiving twins or triplets
5) Suffering from an eating disorder
6) Miscarriages in the past
7) History of preterm labour
If the pregnant woman experiences any unusual condition, she must contact her obstetrician & gynecologist immediately. These conditions may include– vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, very frequent vomiting, high body temperature, severe headache, etc.
It is extremely important to have a specialist by your side in such a situation. If you are facing any warning signs or have any kind of concerns regarding your pregnancy, visit Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad.
Specialists to assist you in these sensitive times at Yashoda
1) Dr. Shashi Arora – Dr. Shashi Arora is the HOD, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad. She is the best Obstetrician & Gynecologist in Delhi NCR. With a medical experience spanning a period of more than 40 years, she has performed 60,000+ deliveries till date. She specializes in all women-related issues including hysterectomy and advanced laparoscopy surgery.
2) Dr. Jyotsana Agarwal – She has an experience of 30 years. An esteemed member of the Federation of Obstetric and
Gynaecological Societies of India (FOGSI), Dr. Agarwal offers a number of medical services including treatment of diseases during pregnancy among others.
3) Dr. Aparna Arya Tyagi – She has hands-on experience in high-risk obstetrics and management, complicated caesarian sections, laparoscopic and open gynae surgeries and family planning procedures and specializes in preventive oncology of t h e female reproductive organs.