Lymphoma Cancer Types, Stages, Signs, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnostic Procedures, Treatment, Best Specialists & Doctors

Lymphoma Cancer Types, Stages, Signs, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnostic Procedures, Treatment, Best Specialists & Doctors

Lymphoma is the cancer which develops in the white blood cells (WBCs) called lymphocytes that play a prominent role in the body’s immune system. It initially starts with the lymph system but gradually metastasizes to other parts of the body such as liver, bone marrow or lungs. Though anyone can develop this, it is generally common in children and young adults.

Types Of Lymphoma Cancer

There are 2 major types of lymphoma:

  1. Hodgkin lymphoma: It generally develops in the immune system in the B-Cells and spreads from one lymph to another. It is of various types: Lymphocyte-depleted Hodgkin’s disease, Lymphocyte-rich Hodgkin’s Disease, Mixed cellularity Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Nodular Lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin’s Disease, Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.
  2. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: It is the most common type of cancer and usually develops in the B and T-cells in the lymph nodes. It accounts for 95% of all the lymphoma cases. It is divided into further types: B-Cell Lymphoma; T-Cell Lymphoma; Burkitt’s Lymphoma; Follicular Lymphoma; Mantle-Cell Lymphoma; Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma.

Risk Factors Of Lymphoma Cancer

Various factors that increase the risk of lymphoma includes:

  • Age, Sex, Ethnicity and Location
  • Family History
  • Chemical Radiations such as nuclear radiations
  • Exposure to various agricultural chemicals
  • Low immunity
  • Breast Implants
  • Body Weight and Diet
  • HIV and Autoimmune Disease Infection
  • Infectious Mononucleosis

Some of these factors may be avoided by making minor changes in the lifestyle.

Signs And Symptoms Of Lymphoma Cancer

The most common symptoms of lymphoma which are generally detected are similar to those seen during viral disease such as:

  • Swollen glands (lymph nodes) often in the neck, armpit or groin that are painless Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Itching

Though these symptoms are very common, the chances of misdiagnosis are high. Therefore, consulting a specialist is must and necessary in this condition. Yashoda Superspeciality Hospital & Cancer Institute in Ghaziabad provides an experienced team of professionals in whole of Ghaziabad. These include:

Dr. (Brig.) Arvind Kumar Tyagi is the Director of Surgical Oncology at Yashoda Superspeciality Hospital & Cancer Institute. He possesses more than 30 years of medical experience. He has pursued his fellowship and training in surgical oncology from the Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai.

Dr. (Maj. Gen.) B.N. Kapur, the Director of Medical Oncology at Yashoda Superspeciality Hospital & Cancer Institute, specializes in the practice of medical oncology and treatment of blood and blood-related disorders including leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, lymphomas, multiple myeloma, etc.

Stages Of Lymphoma Cancer

There are 4 stages in which lymphoma can be classified:

  • Stage 1. The Cancer has spread to one lymph node or one organ site.
  • Stage 2. In this, cancer has reached to two adjacent lymph nodes and on the same side of the body and might have reached one organ and nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage 3. At this point, cancer has reached lymph nodes on both sides of the body and in multiple lymph nodes.
  • Stage 4. In this, the cancer had spread to one of the organs beyond the lymph nodes. The most common sites for advanced NHL include the liver, bone marrow and lungs.

Diagnostic Procedures of Lymphoma Cancer

Various Diagnostic procedures are recommended by doctors to detect the stage, extent and severity of the cancer:

Bone marrow aspiration or biopsy: In this, a fraction of cells is taken from the bone marrow to detect the presence of lymphoma cells.

Chest X-ray: It is done to detect the spread of cancer in the test by taking various images.

Molecular test: This is used to recognize the type of lymphoma by testing the sample of cells to see changes in their configuration.

Blood Test

Physical exam: The doctor looks for swollen lymph nodes, including your neck, underarm and groin as well as swollen spleen or liver.

Imaging tests: Various imaging tests are used for the detection of lymphoma and its type such as PET, CT scan, MRI etc.

All of the above procedures should be done with the consultation of specialists and under their supervision to procure best and reliable results. In this regard, Yashoda Superspeciality Hospital & Cancer Institute, Sanjay Nagar is the best hospital in Delhi NCR and Ghaziabad, with its cutting-edge and advanced technology and machines supervised by a dedicated team of experts and specialists.

Treatment of Lymphoma Cancer

Chemotherapy: It is one of the possible treatments that doctors may use to treat lymphoma.

Biologic therapy: This therapy stimulates the immune system to attack the cancer by the use of drugs.

Antibody therapy: It includes the insertion of synthetic antibodies into the bloodstream. These respond to the cancer’s toxins.

Radioimmunotherapy: In this, high beam radiations are used directly into cancerous B-cells and T-cells to destroy them.

Radiation therapy: It is used to target small areas of actions with the use of concentrated radiations.

Stem cell transplantation: It is used to restore damaged bone using chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

Surgery: In this, a cancer specialist, or oncologist will remove a section of cells to obtain a biopsy.

All these treatments require a team of radiologists, urologists, pathologists, oncologists, etc. Yashoda Superspeciality Hospital & Cancer Institute, Sanjay Nagar provides the best experts and healthcare providers in the whole of Delhi NCR and Ghaziabad, with its advanced technology and comprehensive cancer care unit that follows trans-disciplinary and multi-modalityapproach and provides supportive care. Get your tested, diagnosed and treated for Lymphoma today only at Yashoda.

Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital is one of the best super specialty hospitals in Ghaziabad, Noida & Delhi NCR. Yashoda Hospital aims at providing the best healthcare services across the country and not just in Delhi NCR, Ghaziabad & Noida. Being a super speciality hospital, Yashoda Hospital has a number of dedicated specialities under one roof- gastroenterology, general surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology, cardiology, pulmonology & internal medicine, orthopedics, urology and many more.

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