Hernia- Types of Hernia, Causes, Symptoms, Best Hospitals or Doctors For Hernia Treatment in Ghaziabad & Delhi NCR
Hernia is a condition where an organ pushes through the muscle or tissue that holds it. Hernia is seen to occur in the upper thigh, belly and groin areas. To prevent the dangerous complications of hernias medications and surgery (operation) are usually recommended.
Diagnosis of Hernia
For diagnosing a hernia, a physical examination is usually enough. During this examination, our doctor will check for a bulge in the affected area. They ask the patient to stand, strain or cough, which makes the hernia more prominent. They will also ask about the patient’s medical history and symptoms. If the doctor cannot locate the bulge, imaging tests such as MRI, CT scan or an ultrasound is needed for a more accurate diagnosis.
Types Of Hernia
A hernia is of three types:
- Inguinal Hernia occurs in majority of patients, where the intestines push through the weak spot or tear out of lower abdominal wall (inguinal canal).
- In Hiatal Hernia, a part of the stomach pushes the diaphragm and moves into the chest. It leads to a condition called gastro-oesophageal reflux, where the stomach contents leak backward into the esophagus. Gastro-oesophageal reflux causes a burning sensation.
- Umbilical Hernia is seen in children and babies less than 6 months to 1-year-old. Incisional Hernia is seen in those who had abdominal surgery when the intestines push through the weakened abdominal tissues.
Causes of Hernia
Hernia may occur due to several factors viz. weak abdominal wall (a congenital defect), age, chronic cough and damage to abdominal muscles after injury or surgery. Weakening of the abdominal muscles may happen due to pregnancy, constipation, heavy weight lifting, abdominal fluid (ascites), gaining weight and persistent cough or sneezing.
Symptoms of Hernia
For each type of hernia, the symptoms are different. The most common symptom of hernia is the presence of a bulge or lump in the affected area. Other symptoms may be pain or discomfort in the affected area, heaviness in the abdomen, burning or aching sensation at the site of the bulge, acid reflux, chest pain and difficult in swallowing.
Risk Factors and Complications of Hernia
Some of the prominent risk factors of hernia are gender of the person (male), family history of hernia, medical conditions including chronic cough and constipation, excess weight, pregnancy, premature birth and others. Hernia may not have an immediate threat to life; however, the complications, if neglected may cause death. The complications of hernia are seen as pressure on surrounding tissues causing severe pain, swelling and nausea, vomiting, inability to have a bowel movement, and ultimately strangulation leading to the death of the affected bowel tissue.
Our Expert Doctor For Hernia Treatment: Dr. Ashish Gautam
Dr. Ashish Gautam is a very renowned and highly experienced bariatric, gastrointestinal, and trauma surgeon. After completing his surgical training from S.N. Medical College, Maulana Azad Medical College, Lok Nayak Hospital, and Sushruta Trauma Centre, he pursued his fellowship in minimal access and bariatric surgery. He possesses the enormous experience, having performed more than 20,000 laparoscopic procedures including advanced laparoscopic procedures like lap colorectal, lap bariatric, laparoscopic common bile duct. He has known for his experience in video-assisted thoracoscopic (keyhole chest surgery) procedures for diseases of the chest such as empyema, lung tumor, etc., and has also established a benchmark in abdominal and thoracic trauma care at Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre by maintaining standard trauma protocol.
Dr. Ashish Gautam also performs endovenous varicose vein laser surgery for the treatment of veins of lower limbs. He is acknowledged for his laparoscopic surgeries in the field of complex hernia such as laparoscopic inguinal and laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair. Besides this, Dr. Gautam performs laparoscopic common bile duct surgeries for common bile duct stones, wherein ERCP/ open surgery was the only option earlier. He is well known for his experience in serious trauma and gunshot injury surgeries as well as in treating breast disease and cancer surgeries and possesses vast experience in thyroid and parathyroid surgeries through an advanced minimal access approach.
- Lap bariatric surgery
- Laparoscopic common bile duct surgery
- Lap colorectal surgery
- Laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair
- Video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (Keyhole chest surgery) for diseases of chest like empyema lung tumor
- Serious trauma and gunshot injury surgeries
- Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair
- Thyroid and parathyroid surgeries (advanced minimal access approach)
Best Treatment & Drugs (Medications) For Hernia
Suggestions and treatment given to patients at Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre by our expert doctors
Lifestyle changes are advised for patients with hiatal hernia. These include, avoiding heavy meals, not to bend after a meal, and keep the body weight under control. Spicy and tomato-based foods should be avoided as they may cause acid reflux or heartburn. When hernia becomes large and causes pain, the doctor may advise for immediate surgery. The hole in the abdominal wall is closed with a surgical mesh. Laparoscopic surgery is most preferred over open surgery, as it causes less damage to the surrounding tissues. However, laparoscopic surgeries come with few limitations. When the intestine has moved into the scrotum only open surgery is advised. The most effective way to treat hernia is surgery (operation). Our surgeon at Yashoda Hospital and research centre will make several incisions in the abdomen to identify the sac containing the bulge. The surgeon then pushes the hernia back into the position and then strengthens the abdominal wall with stitches or a mesh. Hernias have a high rate of recurrence, and a surgical mesh can prevent a recurrence more effectively. In most cases, the patient can go home in a few hours after the surgery (operation), and full recovery may take up to six weeks.