What is a Cardiovascular Disease or a Heart Disease?

What is a Cardiovascular Disease or a Heart Disease?
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A collection of diseases and conditions that cause cardiovascular problems are known as heart diseases. Each type of heart disease is caused by something unique to that condition. Heart disease encompasses a wide range of cardiovascular problems. The term cardiovascular disease may be used to refer to heart conditions that specifically affect the blood vessels. Several diseases and conditions fall under the umbrella of heart disease.

Types of heart disease include:

– Arrhythmia. An arrhythmia is a heart rhythm abnormality.
– Cardiomyopathy. This condition causes the heart’s muscles to harden or grow weak
– Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a hardening of the arteries.
– Congenital heart defects. Congenital heart defects are heart irregularities that are present at birth.
– Coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD is caused by the buildup of plaque in the heart’s arteries. It’s sometimes called ischemic heart disease.
– Heart infections. Heart infections may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. While heart disease can be deadly, it’s also preventable in most people. By adopting a healthy lifestyle and by early habits you can potentially live longer with a healthier heart.


Heart disease is of various types, depend on the symptoms as follows:

Abnormal heartbeats (heart arrhythmias)

Your heart may beat too quickly, too slowly or irregularly. Heart arrhythmia symptoms and signs can include:
– Fluttering in your chest
– Chest pain or discomfort
– Shortness of breath
– Lightheadedness
– Racing heartbeat (tachycardia)
– Slow heartbeat (bradycardia)
– Dizziness
– Fainting (syncope) or near fainting

Heart infection

Endocarditis is an infection that affects the inner lining of your heart chambers and heart valves (endocardium).

Heart infection signs and symptoms can include:
– Fever
– Shortness of breath
– Changes in your heart rhythm
– Dry or persistent cough
– Skin rashes or unusual spots
– Weakness or fatigue
– Swelling in your legs or abdomen

Blood vessels

A buildup of fatty plaques in your atherosclerosis or arteries can damage your blood vessels and heart. Plaque buildup causes blocked or narrowed blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke.

Coronary artery disease symptoms may be different for men and women. For instance, women are more likely to have other signs and symptoms along with chest discomforts, such as shortness of breath, nausea and extreme fatigue whereas men are more likely to have chest pain.

Signs and symptoms can include:

-Chest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure and chest discomfort (angina)
– Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed
– Shortness of breath
– Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back

Heart defects

Serious heart defects that you’re born with (congenital heart defects) usually are noticed soon after birth.

Heart defect signs and symptoms in children could include:
– Pale grey or blue skin colour (cyanosis)
– Swelling in the legs, abdomen or areas around the eyes
– In an infant, shortness of breath during feedings, leading to poor weight gain

Less serious congenital heart defects are often not diagnosed until later in childhood or during adulthood.

Signs and symptoms of congenital heart defects that usually aren’t immediately life-threatening include:
– Easily getting short of breath during exercise or activity
– Easily tiring during exercise or activity
– Swelling in the hands, ankles or feet

Heart valve problems (valvular heart disease)

The heart has four valves — the aortic, mitral, pulmonary and tricuspid valves — that open and close to direct blood flow through your heart. Many things can damage your heart valves, leading to narrowing (stenosis), leaking (regurgitation or insufficiency) or improper closing (prolapse).

Depending on which valve isn’t working properly, valvular heart disease signs and symptoms generally include:
– Fatigue
– Shortness of breath
– Irregular heartbeat
– Swollen feet or ankles
– Chest pain
– Fainting (syncope)

Heart disease is easier to treat when detected early, so talk to our Specialists at Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad about your concerns regarding your heart health. If you’re concerned about developing heart disease, talk to our doctors about steps you can take to reduce your heart disease risk. This is especially important if you have a family history of heart disease.

Risk factors

Risk factors for developing heart disease include:
– Age
– Sex
– Smoking.
– Poor diet.
– High blood pressure
– High blood cholesterol levels.
– Diabetes
– Obesity
– Physical inactivity
– Stress
– Poor dental health

Powerful ways in which you can strengthen your heart:

– Don’t smoke.
– Control other health conditions, such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes.
– Exercise at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week.
– Eat a diet that’s low in salt and saturated fat.
– Maintain a healthy weight.
– Reduce and manage stress.
– Practice good hygiene.

How is heart disease diagnosed?

Doctors at Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad may order several types of tests and evaluations to make a heart disease diagnosis. Some of these tests can be performed before you ever show signs of heart disease. Others may be used to look for possible causes of symptoms when they develop. Yashoda has the right combination of technology and workforce to ensure world-class treatment.

In some cases of heart disease, a medical procedure or surgery is necessary to treat the condition and prevent worsening symptoms. Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad is the best heart surgery hospital in Ghaziabad and Delhi NCR.

Specialists at Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad The team of experts at Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad, is led by highly skilled Cardiac Surgeons, Cardiologists, Intensivists, Physicians, Cardiac Anaesthesiologists, Intensive Care Experts, Dietician, and Physiotherapists offering hassle-free services to all the patients.

Dr Alok Sehgal (Interventional Cardiology)

Dr Alok Sehgal is having more than 15 years of work experience in cardiology, worked at several prominent institutions in the department of cardiology and over 20 years of experience in the medical field. Dr Sehgal pursued his D.M. in cardiology from the most prestigious institution of India, (CMC Vellore). He has worked with many distinguished cardiologists in various hospitals.

He aims to continue his work in the field of clinical cardiology and cardiac intervention and gain a wider experience with a special interest in intravascular imaging-guided intervention. He performs more than 150 angioplasties and over 500 diagnostic cardiac procedures annually. He specializes in all kinds of diagnostic peripheral vascular diseases, cardiac catheterization etc.

Dr Amit Rai (Cardiology & Medicine)

Dr Amit Rai has vast experience in the field of clinical cardiology and medicine being in the medical field for the last 34 years. In the year 1986, he pursued his M.B.B.S. from Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh and M.D. from Govt. Medical College, Jabalpur. He completed his fellowship in non-invasive cardiology from Navin C. Nanda National Institute of Echo Cardiography & Cardiac Research, New Delhi. Dr Rai has also published various papers in both national and internationally indexed journals.

If you are looking for any heart surgery, the heart centre in Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad, is the leading hospital for Heart Surgery with the pre-eminent team of heart doctors.

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Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital is one of the best super specialty hospitals in Ghaziabad, Noida & Delhi NCR. Yashoda Hospital aims at providing the best healthcare services across the country and not just in Delhi NCR, Ghaziabad & Noida. Being a super speciality hospital, Yashoda Hospital has a number of dedicated specialities under one roof- gastroenterology, general surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology, cardiology, pulmonology & internal medicine, orthopedics, urology and many more.

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