Difference Between Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoma & Leukemia

Difference Between Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoma & Leukemia
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Blood malignant growth is a broad domain comprising different kinds of malignancies. Malignant growth begins in platelets and can spread throughout the body via blood or through the lymphatic framework.

The various kinds of blood malignancies are grouped by the cell type that has become malignant. This is based on where the malignant growth is situated in the body, and how quickly the malignancy is advancing. The three most common kinds of blood cancer are multiple myeloma, lymphoma, and leukaemia.

What is Leukaemia?

Leukaemia starts inside the bone marrow, which is the delicate tissue inside our bones. In fully grown adults, bone marrow exists predominantly in the flat bones- such as the pelvis, skull, breastbone, ribs, shoulders, and vertebrae.

Bone marrow is the place where platelets are made in a complex natural cycle called haematopoiesis.

When a platelet in the bone marrow changes to become malignant, it can swarm out different cells and spread to the remainder of the body using the circulatory system.

What is Lymphoma?

Lymphoma is a malignant growth that starts in the lymphatic network, which is essential for the immune framework.

The lymphatic network is made up of primarily invulnerable cells called lymphocytes. B-cells and T-cells are the primary lymphocytes, and each has a particular capacity to protect the body from disease.

Lymphoma starts in lymph tissues, which can be found in many regions, including lymph nodes, the thymus, tonsils, adenoids, the spleen, lymphatic vessels, and portions of the digestive system.

If you have lymphoma, the symptoms you experience will depend on where your malignant growth started.

What is Multiple Myeloma?

Multiple myeloma is a kind of blood malignant growth that arises from plasma cells, a kind of white cell, found in the bone marrow.

When plasma cells become malignant, they can give rise to a tumour called plasmacytoma, which might occur in the bone or other parts of the body.

On the off chance that an individual has one plasma cell tumour, it is known as a solitary or isolated plasmacytoma. Multiple plasmacytomas are called multiple myeloma.

All three blood cancers could have some common symptoms, which makes it difficult to find out which blood cancer a person could be suffering from without in-depth screening.

Some of the common symptoms are as follows:

  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Weakness & fatigue
  • Ache in bones & joints

Symptoms of Leukemia

  • Serious & consistent infections
  • Regular nosebleeds
  • Getting red spots on skin known as ‘petechiae’
  • Extreme ache in bones & joints

Symptoms of lymphoma

  • Swelling in neck, groin & armpits which is painful
  • Consistent sweating & fever
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Breathing problems

Symptoms of Multiple Myeloma

  • A decline in blood count
  • A high amount of calcium in the blood leads to hypercalcemia
  • Kidney diseases
  • Compressed spine due to weakened bones can also lead to paralysis


Specific techniques have been designed to diagnose blood cancer. Some of them are as follows:

  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Blood protein tests
  • Electrophoresis
  • Tumour marker tests
  • Bone marrow biopsy

Risk Factors

While the specific reasons for blood malignancies are generally obscure, they can be identified with certain risk factors, such as:

Ecological components: For instance, smoking, certain chemotherapy malignancy procedures, or exposure to significant degrees of radiation or poisonous synthetic substances.

Hereditary transmission: May be acquired from parents or acquired over a long period. Viral or bacterial disease: The human T- lymphotropic virus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Epstein-Barr infection, Hepatitis C, or Helicobacter Pylori.


When you have been diagnosed with any of these 3 types of blood malignant growth, your specialist will discuss your treatment with you. Even though there are unique, individualized therapies for each kind of malignancy that are contingent upon the stage and degree, the most widely used strategy for treatment is:

  1. Chemotherapy: It involves the use of medication to kill quickly developing malignant cells in the body and can be directed through pills or infusions. High amounts of chemotherapy are utilised before a bone marrow transfer.
  2. Targeted Therapy: They are directed as pills or infusions, and attack the irregularities in the cells.
  3. Bone Marrow Transplant: Also called stem-cell treatment, it replaces your affected bone marrow with a sound one.
  4. Radiation Therapy: It is carried out by using high light emissions like X-rays and protons to stop the development of malignant cells.
  5. Biological Therapy: It uses pills to discover and strike the malignant cells to work upon the immune framework.
  6. Corticosteroids: Given through a pill, it can also be infused through your veins, for managing the immune framework and controlling irritation in the body.

Treatment with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy may be used to deal with these conditions and, at times, rehabilitate them. In any case, the therapy approach and viewpoint will change contingent on the kind of blood malignancy an individual has.

Final Steps

Fighting cancer is a long battle in which the patient needs the expertise of his/her specialist. In order to achieve the best results, our doctors will make sure you are comfortable with the process.

At Yashoda Super Speciality Hospital & Cancer Institute, Sanjay Nagar, Ghaziabad, we assist you in every way possible with the most experienced oncologists.

For more information, access our website: https://www.yashodahealthcare.com/

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Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital is one of the best super specialty hospitals in Ghaziabad, Noida & Delhi NCR. Yashoda Hospital aims at providing the best healthcare services across the country and not just in Delhi NCR, Ghaziabad & Noida. Being a super speciality hospital, Yashoda Hospital has a number of dedicated specialities under one roof- gastroenterology, general surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology, cardiology, pulmonology & internal medicine, orthopedics, urology and many more.

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