Brain Tumour Surgery: Types of Brain Tumours, Risk Factor, Sign, Symptoms, Screening, Diagnosis, Treatment, Best Doctors or Neurosurgeons
Brain Tumour Surgery-All vital activities of the body are controlled by the brain and spinal cord as they constitute the Central Nervous System (CNS). These vital activities include thought, speech and body movement.
When the cells of the brain grow abnormally, it may lead to the formation of brain tumour (mass of odd cells) which may hinder the proper functioning of the CNS.
Many types of brain tumours have been identified among which some may be benign or non cancerous while others may be malignant or cancerous. Apart from growing inside the brain, tumours can also grow in other parts of the body and then spread to the brain. This is how secondary or metastatic brain tumour occurs.
The development of brain tumour depends on the location, size and growth rate of the cells which reveal how a brain tumour will affect the functioning of the nervous system. Early diagnosis of the tumour is an important factor in the outcome of the prognosis of tumour.
Types of brain tumours
Brain tumours are broadly categorized into two types:
- Primary Brain Tumours
- Secondary Brain Tumours
Primary brain tumours:
This type of brain tumour can originate from nerve cells, brain cells, membranes or meninges around the brain or nervous glands. Gliomas and meningiomas are the most common type of brain tumours found in adults. It can be both benign and malignant.
Gliomas arise from the nuroglial cells or glial cells of the brain. The types of tumours which originate from the glial cells may include:
- Astrocytic tumours which arise from the star-shaped cells of the brain called astrocytes. In adults, astrocytic tumours generally arise in the brain cerebrum.
- Oligodendroglial tumours which originate from the frontal temporal lobes of the brain. • Glioblastomas which originate within the supportive brain tissue.
Meninges in the brain are the site of occurrence of the meningiomas. It mostly affects individuals between 40 and 70 years of age.
Secondary brain tumours:
These show the property of metastasis; that is, they grow in one body part and then spread to your brain.
Skin cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer and kidney cancer are some of the types of cancers that may metastasize to the brain.
Risk factors of brain tumors
The following risk factors may be the reason for the development of brain tumours:
- Family History: Brain tumours are rarely genetically inherited. There are just 5-10% chances of genetic inheritance of brain tumour.
- Age: People of any age can develop brain tumours but it is often seen that brain tumours are more common in children than in adults.
- Race: There is no specific reason for this but the chances of having brain tumours is more for white people.
- Chemical exposure: Exposure to certain chemicals may increase the risk of getting a brain tumour.
- Exposure to radiation: People who were treated with radiation therapy to cure cancer may develop brain tumor at a later stage of their life.
Sign and symptoms of brain tumors
- More frequent and severe headaches
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blurred vision
- Difficulty in balancing
- Confusion and difficulty in making decisions
- Changes in personality and behaviour
Screening and diagnosis of brain tumours
Doctors at Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad may order certain tests to find or diagnose the presence of tumours such as:
- Doctors will first try to know about the family and medical history of the patient.
- A physical examination along with a neurological examination is performed to check the memory, mental status, reflexes and response to pain.
- Audiometry test may be performed to find out the possibilities of any hearing-related issues due to the tumour.
- Hormone level in the blood can be figured out by endocrine evaluation.
- Vision-related issues may be detected by using vision acuity test.
- Various imaging tests like MRI, CT scan, X-ray etc. may also be used to detect the presence of tumour.
Brain Tumor Treatment Options In Ghaziabad & Delhi NCR
Surgery: The tumour can be removed surgically, either fully or partially; however, it depends on the size and location of the tumour. A surgery can reduce the chances neurological damage if the tumour is present in any critical part of the brain.
The types of surgeries commonly used to treat brain tumours are:
- Extended bifrontal craniotomy
- MRI-guided laser ablation
- Supra orbital craniotomy
- Retro sigmoid craniotomy
- Endonasal endoscopy
- Translabyrinthine craniotomy
- Orbitozygomatic craniotomy
Radiation surgery: This treatment uses multiple precision radiations which are concentrated on a specific area of tumour cells for shrinking and stopping its growth. It is an outpatient procedure, painless and non-invasive.
Radiation therapy: This therapy uses high frequency radiation to kill cancer cells.
Chemotherapy: This therapy involves the use of certain chemotherapeutic drugs which can destroy cancer cells.
Targeted therapy: The drugs used in this therapy are targeted on particular abnormalities within the tumour cell.
Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad is one of the leading hospitals in Delhi NCR which provides the best treatment for brain tumours. Yashoda Hospital has the best neurologists and neurosurgeons who use a multidisciplinary approach to treat diseases like brain tumour with great precision and care.
Some of the best doctors or neurosurgeons for brain tumors in Delhi NCR are:
Dr. Atul Gupta is one of the top experts with 29 years of experience in performing various surgeries like spine surgery, brain tumour surgeries, etc. He has performed over 2000 surgeries in his three-decade long career.
Dr. Vimal Kumar Agarwal is one of the best neurosurgeons in Delhi NCR with an experience of 16 years in the field of neurosurgery and having treated various diseases like vascular disorders and tumours.
Dr. Puneet Malik has an experience of more than 10 years in the field of neurosurgery. He has performed a large number of complex brain and spinal cord surgeries.