Arthritis: Symptoms, Types, Causes & Best Doctors & Hospitals for Arthritis Treatment in Ghaziabad & Delhi NCR

Arthritis: Symptoms, Types, Causes & Best Doctors & Hospitals for Arthritis Treatment in Ghaziabad & Delhi NCR

Arthritis is a condition of joints in which the joints get inflamed, develop swelling or become tender  thus causing severe pain and other complications related to movement. In India, about 180 million  people suffer from this condition thus making it a common disease. It usually occurs in the feet,  hands, hips, knees and lower back.

Types of Arthritis 

Arthritis is a broad term that incorporates hundreds of different joint conditions accompanied by a  number of problems varying from type to type. The most common type of arthritis includes:

  • Osteoarthritis: This is the most common type of arthritis which usually occurs due to the  wear & tear of the cartilages, causing enough damage which may result in bone grinding  directly on the bone thus causing pain & restricted movements. To compensate for the loss of  cartilage, new bone growth occurs which causes re-structuring and deformity of the joints.  This is especially the case with degenerative or mechanical arthritis. 
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: In India, about 13 million people suffer from this type of arthritis. It is  a type of inflammatory arthritis in which inflammation starts occurring without any apparent  reason. Normally, inflammations arise to fight against virus and bacteria during injuries. But  in case of rheumatoid arthritis, damaging inflammation occurs which is harmful and may  cause damage to the affected joints resulting in pain, stiffness and swelling.  
  • Gout: It is a rheumatic disease which occurs due to the deposition of uric acid crystals or  monosodium urate in the joints. This results in severe pain in the affected area accompanied  with redness and swelling. Though remission of gout is possible, it is generally recurring and  can lead to degenerative form of chronic arthritis called gouty arthritis.  
  • Psoriatic arthritis: This type of arthritis causes joint complications with underlining damage  to the skin leading to a condition called psoriasis. An auto immune disease, in this the body’s  immune system starts attacking the healthy tissues and the joints leading to inflammation and  skin disorders. Around 0.3-1% of the total population suffers from this type of arthritis. People with this condition sometimes develop additional problems as well such as  cardiovascular diseases, increased BMI, C-reactive protein, etc.
  • Childhood arthritis: This type of arthritis specifically occurs in young children. It  incorporates a number of arthritis conditions such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA),  juvenile dermatomyositis, juvenile lupus, juvenile scleroderma, etc. It is a persistent and  dreadful condition which causes permanent damage to the joints and is not curable, caused by  the abnormal functioning of the urine system. 
  • Septic arthritis: This type of arthritis occurs due to the growth of bacteria or fungi in the  joints causing infection and joint inflammation. It commonly occurs in the knee and hips. It  can develop at any age from three years to adolescence. In its chronic form, it can be fatal on  account of rapid joint destruction. 

Risk factors of arthritis

  1. Ageing: Getting older can make you more vulnerable to diseases; thus, increasing the risk of  developing arthritis.  
  2. Accident or injury: Any prior or previous injury in the joints can also increase your risk of  developing arthritis. 
  3. Gender: It is believed that women are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis while men  are more susceptible to gout and other types of arthritis. 
  4. Heredity or inheritance: Having a history of arthritis in the family may increase your  chances of developing it naturally. 
  5. Excessive weight: More weight means more strain on the knees, spine and back muscles thus  leading to progression of knee osteoarthritis. 
  6. Infection: Sometimes, infection in the joints caused by microbes may also lead to the  development of arthritis. 
  7. Profession: Some professions involve repetitive knee bending and squatting which can lead  to the development of osteoarthritis in the knee. 
  8. Food triggers: Some kinds of foods may cause pain and inflammation, particularly animal  derived products and refined sugar.  

Signs & Symptoms of arthritis

Different types of arthritis exhibit different kinds of symptoms. Being a chronic disease, symptoms  can come and go or persist over time. However, some common symptoms that the patients with  arthritis are more likely to suffer are: 

  1. Pain: It is the most common symptom and can occur in one or multiple parts of the body. It  may be constant or recurring.  
  2. Swelling: Generally, the skin over the affected area or joint may become red or swollen.
  3. Stiffness: It is the most typical symptom of arthritis and is likely to happen on waking up in  the morning or after sitting on the desk or in the car for a long time. It can be either persistent  or occur only after doing some exercises. 
  4. Immobility: In arthritis, the movement of joints may become painful & hard.  

Other varied symptoms which are specific to certain types may include chest pain, dry eye and  mouth, itching, skin disorders, crackling sound when the joint is moved, numbness or tingling,  fatigue, headaches, loss of sense of taste, hair fall, swollen glands, etc. 

On experiencing any of the symptoms, one should immediately seek medical help. Yashoda Hospital  & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad provides a well-experienced team of orthopedic doctors which provide excellent consultation and treatment for arthritis in the whole of Delhi NCR  and Ghaziabad. 

Diagnosis of arthritis

Doctors usually go for a physical exam of joints and look for swelling, redness and warmth in case of  arthritis. However, different types of tests and examinations are done to know the type and nature of  arthritis that the patient is suffering from. These include: 

  1. Fluid test: Various body fluids such as blood, urine and joint fluid are taken and analysed to  look for the traces of arthritis causing factors. 
  2. Imaging test: X-ray, CT-Scan, MRI and ultrasound are done to detect bone damage &  cartilage loss by getting detailed cross-sectional views and images of the internal structure  such as bone and soft tissues.  

On examining the results, the doctor will be able to identify the exact cause of the problem and  recommend suitable treatment.  

Treatment of arthritis

The treatment of arthritis is generally concerned with the relief in symptoms and joint functioning.  There is no specific cure for the condition. Though the treatments vary according to the type, there are  some common treatments that work for all arthritis conditions. These include: 

  1. Medication: Different kinds of painkillers, NSAIDs like ibuprofen, disease-modifying anti rheumatic drugs, corticosteroids such as prednisone & cortisone etc. and counterirritants such as creams and sprays which contain methanol & capsaicin etc., are given either directly  or injected into the joints to provide relieve to pain and inflammation.
  2. Therapy: Various physical therapies are recommended by doctors to improve the range of  motion and strengthen the muscles around the joints. These may include exercises such as  walking, cycling, swimming, etc. 
  3. Surgery: In severe cases when the mobility or pain becomes acute, various joint surgeries which include joint fusion, repair and replacement are performed. 
  4. Home remedies: Regular use of assistive devices such as canes, shoes inserts, raised toilet  seats etc. losing weight, using heat and cold pads and exercising regularly may reduce the  arthritis symptoms to a large extent. 
  5. Alternative treatments: Many people use alternative therapies as well such as acupuncture,  yoga, tai chi and massage which may provide temporary relief.
Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital is one of the best super specialty hospitals in Ghaziabad, Noida & Delhi NCR. Yashoda Hospital aims at providing the best healthcare services across the country and not just in Delhi NCR, Ghaziabad & Noida. Being a super speciality hospital, Yashoda Hospital has a number of dedicated specialities under one roof- gastroenterology, general surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology, cardiology, pulmonology & internal medicine, orthopedics, urology and many more.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *