Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Doctors & Specialists

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Doctors & Specialists

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)- The anterior cruciate ligament is a band of dense connectivity tissue that holds the bones together within the knee. The ACL is located in the middle of the knee and prevents the shin bone from sliding out in front of the thigh bone. In other words, it helps to keep the knee stable. Over-stretching or tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament in the knee is known as Anterior  Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury. A tear may be partial or complete. 

Causes of Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury 

After ACL injury, many people hear a cracking sound or feel a popping sensation in the knee.  The knee may swell, feel unstable and become too painful to bear weight. An ACL injury can  occur if one: 

  • Overextends his/her knee joint 
  • Suddenly plants his/her foot and changes direction around it, known as pivoting or cutting maneuvers. 
  • Gets hit hard on the side of the knee such as while tacking football. 
  • Stops quickly while moving or changes direction while running, landing from a jump,  or turning. 

Statistical data shows that women are more likely to face ACL injuries than men. Common sports linked to ACL tears are basketball, football, soccer and skiing. 

Symptoms of Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury  

Early Symptoms: 

  • Feeling of instability 
  • A “popping” sound at the time of injury 
  • Knee swelling within 6 hours of injury 
  • Pain especially when you try to put weight on the injured leg 
  • Difficulty in continuing with your sport 

Prominent Symptoms: 

  • Pain: If you have a minor injury, you may not feel pain. You may feel sore along your knee’s joint line. Some people have trouble standing or putting pressure on the hurt leg.
  • Swelling: This is most likely to happen during the first 24 hours. You can reduce swelling by putting ice on your knee and elevating (raising) your leg by propping it up on a pillow. 
  • Limited movement: After you damage your ACL, you won’t be able to bend and flex your knee like you normally would. 
  • Trouble walking: While putting pressure on your hurt leg, you may notice that it’s harder than normal to walk. Some people find that the knee joint feels looser than it should.

How Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury Diagnosed? 

Our leading doctors at Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad, will want to hear exactly how the injury occurred in your knee. They will look at both knees to see if the sore one looks different. They may also order any of the following: 

  • Tests: Our doctor may ask you to lie on your back and bend your hips and your knees at certain angles. They will then place their hands on different parts of your leg and gently shift you around. If any of your bones move in a way that isn’t normal, that would be a symbol that your ACL is damaged. 
  • X-ray: Soft tissues like the ACL don’t appear on X-rays, but your doctor may want to rule out broken bones. 
  • MRI or ultrasound: These exams can show both soft tissues and bones. If you have a damaged ACL, it should appear on the images. 
  • Arthroscopy: During the test, an orthopedic surgeon from our leading team of doctors,  will make a small cut in your skin. The pencil-sized tool is inserted, which contains a  lighting system and lens (arthroscope) into the joint. The camera projects an image of the joint onto a TV screen. This will help the doctor to see what type of injury you have and repair or correct it if needed. 

Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad, provides world-class treatment for Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) in the entire Ghaziabad and Delhi NCR. 

Treatment for Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury 

It depends on how badly you’ve been hurt. Here are some of the options our pre-eminent doctors  may give you: 

  • First aid: If your injury is minor, you may only need to put ice on your knee and stay off your feet for a while. You can reduce swelling by wrapping an ace bandage around your knee. Crutches can help to keep weight off your knee. 
  • Medications: Anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen) can help to reduce swelling and pain. Our doctor may suggest over-the-counter medications or prescribe something stronger. For intense pain, our doctors at Yashoda may inject your knee with steroid medication. 
  • Physical therapy: You may need this for a couple of days to get your knee back in working condition. During your sessions, you’ll do exercises to strengthen the muscles around your knee and help you regain a full range of motion. You may be sent home with exercises to do on your own. 
  • Knee brace: Some people with a damaged ACL are asked to wear a brace on their knee when they run or play sports. It provides extra support. 
  • Surgery: If your ACL is injured badly, our doctors at Yashoda may tell you that you need surgery. Also, if your knee gives way while walking, then surgery is required to treat the issue. Our best surgeons at Yashoda will remove the damaged ACL and replace it with tissue to help a new ligament grow in its place. For proper and quick recovery,  physical therapy is a good option. People who have surgery can often play sports again within 12 months with physiotherapy.

Specialists at Yashoda Hospital & Research Centre, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad 

Dr. Vipin Tyagi (Director/HOD Orthopedic Trauma & Joint Replacement)

Dr. Vipin Tyagi is one of the best orthopedic doctors in Ghaziabad & Delhi NCR. He is an alumnus of the famous King George’s Medical College, Lucknow where he completed his M.B.B.S. and M.S. in  Orthopaedics in the year 1983. He has successfully performed over 20,000 surgeries including complex and complicated fractures, spine surgeries, and hip and knee replacements till date. His specialization is in complex & complicated fractures, spine surgeries, hip & knee replacements.  He has also received multiple prestigious international fellowships in joint replacement and trauma from the USA, Germany, and Switzerland. 

 Dr. Ajay Panwar (Senior Consultant, Orthopaedics) 

Dr. Ajay Panwar is the Senior Consultant & one of the best Surgeons at Yashoda Hospital &  Research Centre. He has medical experience of over 30 years and holds fellowships in joint replacement and spine surgery. He specializes in orthopedic trauma, hip & knee arthroplasty,  arthroscopy, and sports injuries. He is an expert in regular hip & knee replacement and difficult revision surgeries with excellent results. 

Dr. Rahul Kakran (Senior Consultant, Orthopaedics) 

Dr. Rahul Kakran has more than 11 years of post-qualification experience in treating fractures and dislocated joints. He has also performed primary joint replacement surgeries independently and has assisted in over 500 revision surgeries. His specialization includes arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, pediatric orthopedic surgeries, arthroscopy of the shoulder,  hip, ankle, and knee. His articles on ‘Spinal Trauma‘ and work on Listhesis Correction Surgery’  have been published in various health magazines and newspapers.

Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital

Yashoda Hospital is one of the best super specialty hospitals in Ghaziabad, Noida & Delhi NCR. Yashoda Hospital aims at providing the best healthcare services across the country and not just in Delhi NCR, Ghaziabad & Noida. Being a super speciality hospital, Yashoda Hospital has a number of dedicated specialities under one roof- gastroenterology, general surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology, cardiology, pulmonology & internal medicine, orthopedics, urology and many more.

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