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ACL/PCL/MCL Tear

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	ACL/PCL/MCL Tear

ACL/PCL/MCL Tear

Overview

Stabilization in the knee comes from various ligaments, which are anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), and medial collateral ligament (MCL). An injury or sprain in these ligaments is identified as a tear. Athletes and women who wear high heels for too long are most likely to suffer from a ligament tear. 

When a ligament injury occurs, it may cause a popping sensation in the knee, followed by swelling and extreme pain. It can also cause serious complications in knee function. Therefore, it’s vital to consult with an orthopaedic doctor immediately. 

Complications:

  • Stiffness
  • Failure of the graft
  • Blood clots in legs
  • Infection
  • Osteoarthritis

Causes:

  • Pivoting with foot
  • Fall and trauma
  • Stopping suddenly
  • Awkward landing from a jump
  • The extreme strain on the knee

Symptoms:

  • Popping sensation in the knee
  • Unable to bear the weight
  • Rapid swelling
  • Severe pain

Diagnosis:
Our doctor will check the knee for swelling and tenderness. They will also ask the patient to move their knee into various positions to assess the severity of the tear. In most cases, a physical examination is sufficient for the total assessment. However, the orthopaedic surgeon may recommend additional tests such as X-rays, MRI and ultrasound to determine the severity of the damage.
 

Symptoms

Treatment

ACL/PCL/MCL Tear

Treatment for a ligament tear starts with RICE therapy to reduce pain and swelling in the knee. To reverse the internal damage, our doctor recommended an ACL Reconstruction surgery. During the procedure, the surgeon will repair or remove the injured ligament with a segment of tendon tissues. 

The surgeon will use tendons from another part of the knee or a donor. These tendons work similarly to a ligament that connects the muscle to the bone. The surgeries have good outcomes, allowing less pain and better knee strength and stability. Post-surgery, our doctor will also provide rehabilitative therapy to restore knee functions and speed up recovery. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's) More information

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How should I prepare for the surgery?

To prepare for surgery, take good care of your health and try to learn as much as you can about the procedure. Planning ahead can help ensure you have a successful procedure and heal faster with a smooth recovery. 

Do I need to take any medicine before my surgery?

Depending upon the procedure and the patient's health, our surgeons may recommend some patients to medications. However, these medications are prescribed after a thorough evaluation of their medical history and overall health. Therefore, you need to inform the doctor about your allergies and previous medical conditions in advance

How long will it take to recover?

Recovery time after the surgery may vary from one patient to another. Usually, it depends on several factors, such as the patient's age, the type of surgery and the adversity of the problem that is being addressed during the surgery. Therefore, it is important to talk to your doctor about the same prior to your surgery.

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